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Relative-Position Estimation Based on Loosely Coupled UWB–IMU Fusion for Wearable IoT Devices

A. S. M. Sharifuzzaman Sagar1, Taein Kim1, Soyoung Park1, Hee Seh Lee2, Hyung Seok Kim1,*

1 Sejong University, Seoul, 05006, Korea
2 Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Suwon, 16678, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Hyung Seok Kim. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 75(1), 1941-1961.


Relative positioning is one of the important techniques in collaborative robotics, autonomous vehicles, and virtual/augmented reality (VR/AR) applications. Recently, ultra-wideband (UWB) has been utilized to calculate relative position as it does not require a line of sight compared to a camera to calculate the range between two objects with centimeter-level accuracy. However, the single UWB range measurement cannot provide the relative position and attitude of any device in three dimensions (3D) because of lacking bearing information. In this paper, we have proposed a UWB-IMU fusion-based relative position system to provide accurate relative position and attitude between wearable Internet of Things (IoT) devices in 3D. We introduce a distributed Euler angle antenna orientation which can be equipped with the mobile structure to enable relative positioning. Moving average and min-max removing preprocessing filters are introduced to reduce the standard deviation. The standard multilateration method is modified to calculate the relative position between mobile structures. We combine UWB and IMU measurements in a probabilistic framework that enables users to calculate the relative position between two nodes with less error. We have carried out different experiments to illustrate the advantages of fusing IMU and UWB ranges for relative positioning systems. We have achieved a mean accuracy of 0.31 m for 3D relative positioning in indoor line of sight conditions.


Cite This Article

A. S. M. Sharifuzzaman Sagar, T. Kim, S. Park, H. S. Lee and H. S. Kim, "Relative-position estimation based on loosely coupled uwb–imu fusion for wearable iot devices," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 75, no.1, pp. 1941–1961, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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