Open AccessOpen Access


Concept Drift Analysis and Malware Attack Detection System Using Secure Adaptive Windowing

Emad Alsuwat1,*, Suhare Solaiman1, Hatim Alsuwat2

1 Department of Computer Science, College of Computers and Information Technology, Taif University, Taif, 26571, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Computer Science, College of Computer and Information Systems, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, 24382, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Emad Alsuwat. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 75(2), 3743-3759.


Concept drift is a main security issue that has to be resolved since it presents a significant barrier to the deployment of machine learning (ML) models. Due to attackers’ (and/or benign equivalents’) dynamic behavior changes, testing data distribution frequently diverges from original training data over time, resulting in substantial model failures. Due to their dispersed and dynamic nature, distributed denial-of-service attacks pose a danger to cybersecurity, resulting in attacks with serious consequences for users and businesses. This paper proposes a novel design for concept drift analysis and detection of malware attacks like Distributed Denial of Service (DDOS) in the network. The goal of this architecture combination is to accurately represent data and create an effective cyber security prediction agent. The intrusion detection system and concept drift of the network has been analyzed using secure adaptive windowing with website data authentication protocol (SAW_WDA). The network has been analyzed by authentication protocol to avoid malware attacks. The data of network users will be collected and classified using multilayer perceptron gradient decision tree (MLPGDT) classifiers. Based on the classification output, the decision for the detection of attackers and authorized users will be identified. The experimental results show output based on intrusion detection and concept drift analysis systems in terms of throughput, end-end delay, network security, network concept drift, and results based on classification with regard to accuracy, memory, and precision and F-1 score.


Cite This Article

E. Alsuwat, S. Solaiman, H. Alsuwat, E. Alsuwat, S. Solaiman et al., "Concept drift analysis and malware attack detection system using secure adaptive windowing," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 75, no.2, pp. 3743–3759, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 490


  • 261


  • 0


Share Link