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PAN-DeSpeck: A Lightweight Pyramid and Attention-Based Network for SAR Image Despeckling

Saima Yasmeen1, Muhammad Usman Yaseen1,*, Syed Sohaib Ali2, Moustafa M. Nasralla3, Sohaib Bin Altaf Khattak3

1 Department of Computer Sciences, Comsats University, Islamabad, Pakistan
2 Department of Research and Development, Shearwater Geoservices, Crawley, West Sussex, UK
3 Department of Communications & Networks Engineering, Prince Sultan University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Muhammad Usman Yaseen. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 76(3), 3671-3689.


SAR images commonly suffer from speckle noise, posing a significant challenge in their analysis and interpretation. Existing convolutional neural network (CNN) based despeckling methods have shown great performance in removing speckle noise. However, these CNN-based methods have a few limitations. They do not decouple complex background information in a multi-resolution manner. Moreover, they have deep network structures that may result in many parameters, limiting their applicability to mobile devices. Furthermore, extracting key speckle information in the presence of complex background is also a major problem with SAR. The proposed study addresses these limitations by introducing a lightweight pyramid and attention-based despeckling (PAN-Despeck) network. The primary objective is to enhance image quality and enable improved information interpretation, particularly on mobile devices and scenarios involving complex backgrounds. The PAN-Despeck network leverages domain-specific knowledge and integrates Gaussian Laplacian image pyramid decomposition for multi-resolution image analysis. By utilizing this approach, complex background information can be effectively decoupled, leading to enhanced despeckling performance. Furthermore, the attention mechanism selectively focuses on key speckle features and facilitates complex background removal. The network incorporates recursive and residual blocks to ensure computational efficiency and accelerate training speed, making it lightweight while maintaining high performance. Through comprehensive evaluations, it is demonstrated that PAN-Despeck outperforms existing image restoration methods. With an impressive average peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) of 28.355114 and a remarkable structural similarity index (SSIM) of 0.905467, it demonstrates exceptional performance in effectively reducing speckle noise in SAR images. The source code for the PAN-DeSpeck network is available on .


Cite This Article

S. Yasmeen, M. U. Yaseen, S. S. Ali, M. M. Nasralla and S. B. A. Khattak, "Pan-despeck: a lightweight pyramid and attention-based network for sar image despeckling," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 76, no.3, pp. 3671–3689, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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