Open Access iconOpen Access



Addressing the Issues and Developments Correlated with Envisaged 5G Mobile Technologies: Comprehensive Solutions

Idrees Sarhan Kocher*

Energy Engineering Department, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, 42001, Iraq

* Corresponding Author: Idrees Sarhan Kocher. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Sensors and 5G for Smart Cities)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 77(2), 2205-2223.


Fifth Generation (5G) communications are regarded as the cornerstone to household consumer experience improvements and smart manufacturing revolution from the standpoint of industries' objectives. It is anticipated that Envisaged 5G (E5G) mobile technology would be operational in certain developed countries by 2023. The Internet of Things (IoTs) will transform how humans live when combined with smart and integrated sensing devices, such as in-home sensing devices. Recent research is being carried out all over the world to produce a new technique that can be crucial in the success of the anticipated 5G mobile technology. High output, reduced latency, highly reliable, greater scalability, high performance, capacity, bandwidth efficiency, virtual open-air transmission, and efficient energy mobile wireless communications are all being investigated currently. In this work, a comprehensive path for addressing the difficulties and developments associated with 5G mobile technology is provided. The debate and description of a complete analysis of current situations, certain characteristics and prospective scenarios, important technologies, problems and advances, and spectrum allocation of envisioned 5G mobile technologies are provided. Furthermore, this paper analyzes the most notable elements of 5G mobile technology, such as Cognitive Radio (CR), flexibility, accessibility, and cloud-based service offers, which will assure 5G mobile technology’s dominance as the main protocol for international communication. Eventually, this paper provides a method for integrating CR with current wireless communication systems, the necessity for further evolution of the E5G network, and the need for comprehensive consideration of architecture evolution and function enhancement to enhance the E5G mobile technologies.


Cite This Article

I. S. Kocher, "Addressing the issues and developments correlated with envisaged 5g mobile technologies: comprehensive solutions," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 77, no.2, pp. 2205–2223, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 269


  • 106


  • 0


Share Link