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An Ingenious IoT Based Crop Prediction System Using ML and EL

Shabana Ramzan1, Yazeed Yasin Ghadi2, Hanan Aljuaid3, Aqsa Mahmood1,*, Basharat Ali4

1 Department of Computer Science & IT, Government Sadiq College Women University, Bahawalpur, 63100, Pakistan
2 Department of Computer Science/Software Engineering, Al Ain University, Al Ain, 64141, UAE
3 Department of Computer Sciences, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University (PNU), Riyadh, 11671, Saudi Arabia
4 Agronomic Research Station, Bahawalpur, 63100, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: Aqsa Mahmood. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Advance Machine Learning for Sentiment Analysis over Various Domains and Applications)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 79(1), 183-199.


Traditional farming procedures are time-consuming and expensive as based on manual labor. Farmers have no proper knowledge to select which crop is suitable to grow according to the environmental factors and soil characteristics. This is the main reason for the low yield of crops and the economic crisis in the agricultural sector of the different countries. The use of modern technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), machine learning, and ensemble learning can facilitate farmers to observe different factors such as soil electrical conductivity (EC), and environmental factors like temperature to improve crop yield. These parameters play a vital role in suggesting a suitable crop to cope the food scarcity. This paper proposes a system comprised of two modules, first module uses static data and the second module takes hybrid data collection (IoT-based real-time data and manual data) with machine learning and ensemble learning algorithms to suggest the suitable crop in the farm to maximize the yield. Python is used to train the model that predicts the crop. This system proposed an intelligent and low-cost solution for the farmers to process the data and predict the suitable crop. We implemented the proposed system in the field. The efficiency and accuracy of the proposed system are confirmed by the generated results to predict the crop.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Ramzan, S., Ghadi, Y.Y., Aljuaid, H., Mahmood, A., Ali, B. (2024). An ingenious iot based crop prediction system using ML and EL. Computers, Materials & Continua, 79(1), 183-199.
Vancouver Style
Ramzan S, Ghadi YY, Aljuaid H, Mahmood A, Ali B. An ingenious iot based crop prediction system using ML and EL. Comput Mater Contin. 2024;79(1):183-199
IEEE Style
S. Ramzan, Y.Y. Ghadi, H. Aljuaid, A. Mahmood, and B. Ali "An Ingenious IoT Based Crop Prediction System Using ML and EL," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 183-199. 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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