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Securing Cloud-Encrypted Data: Detecting Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS) Attacks through Deep Learning Ensemble

Amardeep Singh1, Hamad Ali Abosaq2, Saad Arif3, Zohaib Mushtaq4,*, Muhammad Irfan5, Ghulam Abbas6, Arshad Ali7, Alanoud Al Mazroa8

1 School of Computer Information Sciences, University of Cumberlands, Williamsburg, Kentucky, 40769, USA
2 Computer Science Department, College of Computer Science and Information Systems, Najran University, Najran, 61441, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, 31982, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Systems, College of Engineering and Technology, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, 40100, Pakistan
5 Electrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Najran University, Najran, 61441, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Electrical Engineering, The University of Lahore, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
7 Faculty of Computer and Information Systems, Islamic University of Madinah, Madinah, 42351, Saudi Arabia
8 Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, P.O. Box 84428, Riyadh, 11671, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Zohaib Mushtaq. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Multimedia Encryption and Information Security)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 79(1), 857-873.


Data security assurance is crucial due to the increasing prevalence of cloud computing and its widespread use across different industries, especially in light of the growing number of cybersecurity threats. A major and ever-present threat is Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS) assaults, which enable even individuals with minimal technical knowledge to conduct ransomware operations. This study provides a new approach for RaaS attack detection which uses an ensemble of deep learning models. For this purpose, the network intrusion detection dataset “UNSW-NB15” from the Intelligent Security Group of the University of New South Wales, Australia is analyzed. In the initial phase, the rectified linear unit-, scaled exponential linear unit-, and exponential linear unit-based three separate Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) models are developed. Later, using the combined predictive power of these three MLPs, the RansoDetect Fusion ensemble model is introduced in the suggested methodology. The proposed ensemble technique outperforms previous studies with impressive performance metrics results, including 98.79% accuracy and recall, 98.85% precision, and 98.80% F1-score. The empirical results of this study validate the ensemble model’s ability to improve cybersecurity defenses by showing that it outperforms individual MLP models. In expanding the field of cybersecurity strategy, this research highlights the significance of combined deep learning models in strengthening intrusion detection systems against sophisticated cyber threats.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Singh, A., Abosaq, H.A., Arif, S., Mushtaq, Z., Irfan, M. et al. (2024). Securing cloud-encrypted data: detecting ransomware-as-a-service (raas) attacks through deep learning ensemble. Computers, Materials & Continua, 79(1), 857-873.
Vancouver Style
Singh A, Abosaq HA, Arif S, Mushtaq Z, Irfan M, Abbas G, et al. Securing cloud-encrypted data: detecting ransomware-as-a-service (raas) attacks through deep learning ensemble. Comput Mater Contin. 2024;79(1):857-873
IEEE Style
A. Singh et al., "Securing Cloud-Encrypted Data: Detecting Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS) Attacks through Deep Learning Ensemble," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 857-873. 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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