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LDAS&ET-AD: Learnable Distillation Attack Strategies and Evolvable Teachers Adversarial Distillation

Shuyi Li, Hongchao Hu*, Xiaohan Yang, Guozhen Cheng, Wenyan Liu, Wei Guo

National Digital Switching System Engineering & Technological R&D Center, The PLA Information Engineering University, Zhengzhou, 450000, China

* Corresponding Author: Hongchao Hu. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 79(2), 2331-2359.


Adversarial distillation (AD) has emerged as a potential solution to tackle the challenging optimization problem of loss with hard labels in adversarial training. However, fixed sample-agnostic and student-egocentric attack strategies are unsuitable for distillation. Additionally, the reliability of guidance from static teachers diminishes as target models become more robust. This paper proposes an AD method called Learnable Distillation Attack Strategies and Evolvable Teachers Adversarial Distillation (LDAS&ET-AD). Firstly, a learnable distillation attack strategies generating mechanism is developed to automatically generate sample-dependent attack strategies tailored for distillation. A strategy model is introduced to produce attack strategies that enable adversarial examples (AEs) to be created in areas where the target model significantly diverges from the teachers by competing with the target model in minimizing or maximizing the AD loss. Secondly, a teacher evolution strategy is introduced to enhance the reliability and effectiveness of knowledge in improving the generalization performance of the target model. By calculating the experimentally updated target model’s validation performance on both clean samples and AEs, the impact of distillation from each training sample and AE on the target model’s generalization and robustness abilities is assessed to serve as feedback to fine-tune standard and robust teachers accordingly. Experiments evaluate the performance of LDAS&ET-AD against different adversarial attacks on the CIFAR-10 and CIFAR-100 datasets. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method achieves a robust precision of 45.39% and 42.63% against AutoAttack (AA) on the CIFAR-10 dataset for ResNet-18 and MobileNet-V2, respectively, marking an improvement of 2.31% and 3.49% over the baseline method. In comparison to state-of-the-art adversarial defense techniques, our method surpasses Introspective Adversarial Distillation, the top-performing method in terms of robustness under AA attack for the CIFAR-10 dataset, with enhancements of 1.40% and 1.43% for ResNet-18 and MobileNet-V2, respectively. These findings demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed method in enhancing the robustness of deep learning networks (DNNs) against prevalent adversarial attacks when compared to other competing methods. In conclusion, LDAS&ET-AD provides reliable and informative soft labels to one of the most promising defense methods, AT, alleviating the limitations of untrusted teachers and unsuitable AEs in existing AD techniques. We hope this paper promotes the development of DNNs in real-world trust-sensitive fields and helps ensure a more secure and dependable future for artificial intelligence systems.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Li, S., Hu, H., Yang, X., Cheng, G., Liu, W. et al. (2024). Ldas&et-ad: learnable distillation attack strategies and evolvable teachers adversarial distillation. Computers, Materials & Continua, 79(2), 2331-2359.
Vancouver Style
Li S, Hu H, Yang X, Cheng G, Liu W, Guo W. Ldas&et-ad: learnable distillation attack strategies and evolvable teachers adversarial distillation. Comput Mater Contin. 2024;79(2):2331-2359
IEEE Style
S. Li, H. Hu, X. Yang, G. Cheng, W. Liu, and W. Guo "LDAS&ET-AD: Learnable Distillation Attack Strategies and Evolvable Teachers Adversarial Distillation," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 2331-2359. 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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