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Internet of Things in Healthcare: Architecture, Applications, Challenges, and Solutions

Vankamamidi S. Naresh1,∗,†, Suryateja S. Pericherla2,‡, Pilla Sita Rama Murty3,§, Sivaranjani Reddi4,¶

1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Sri Vasavi Engineering College, Tadepalligudem, Andhra Pradesh 534101, India
2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Vishnu Institute of Technology, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh 534202, India
3 Department of Information Technology, Vishnu Institute of Technology, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh 534202, India
4 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Anil Neerukonda Institute of Technology & Science, Visakhapatnam 530003, Andhra Pradesh, India
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* Corresponding Author: Vankamamidi S. Naresh; email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2020, 35(6), 411-421.


Healthcare, the largest global industry, is undergoing significant transformations with the genesis of a new technology known as the Internet of Things (IoT). Many healthcare leaders are investing more money for transforming their services to harness the benefits provided by IoT, thereby paving the way for the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), an extensive collection of medical sensors and associated infrastructure. IoMT has many benefits like providing remote healthcare by monitoring health vitals of patients at a distant place, providing healthcare services to elderly people, and monitoring a large group of people in a region or country for detection and prevention of epidemics. This paper provides a review of IoT in the healthcare domain by first describing the enabling technologies for delivering smart healthcare, followed by some of the key applications of IoT in healthcare. Next, a fog-based architecture consisting of three layers for IoT-based healthcare applications is proposed. Finally, we focus on some of the open challenges of IoT in healthcare, like fault tolerance, interoperability, latency, energy efficiency, and availability. Existing solutions for these challenges are also discussed.


Cite This Article

V. S. Naresh, S. S. Pericherla, P. Sita Rama Murty and S. Reddi, "Internet of things in healthcare: architecture, applications, challenges, and solutions," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 35, no.6, pp. 411–421, 2020.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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