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Enhanced Route Optimization for Wireless Networks Using Meta-Heuristic Engineering

S. Navaneetha Krishnan1, P. Sundara Vadivel2,*, D. Yuvaraj3, T. Satyanarayana Murthy4, Sree Jagadeesh Malla5, S. Nachiyappan6, S. Shanmuga Priya7

1 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, SACS MAVMM Engineering College, Madurai, India
2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SACS MAVMM Engineering College, Madurai, India
3 Department of Computer Science, Cihan University-Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
4 Department of Computer Science and Engineering Bapatla Engineering College, Bapatla, Andhra Pradesh, India
5 Department of Computer Application, National Institute of Technology, Thiruchirapalli, India
6 School of Computer Science and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai, India
7 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, M.I.E.T Engineering College, Trichy, India

* Corresponding Author: P. Sundara Vadivel. Email:

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2022, 43(1), 17-26.


Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are commonly used to observe and monitor precise environments. WSNs consist of a large number of inexpensive sensor nodes that have been separated and distributed in different environments. The base station received the amount of data collected by the numerous sensors. The current developments designate that the attentFgion in applications of WSNs has been increased and extended to a very large scale. The Trust-Based Adaptive Acknowledgement (TRAACK) Intrusion-Detection System for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is described based on the number of active positive deliveries and The Kalman filter used in Modified Particle Swarm Optimization (MPSO) has been proposed to predict knot confidence. Simulations were run for non-malicious networks (0% malicious) and different percentages of malicious nodes were discussed. The findings suggest that the proposed method TRAACK Modified Particle Swarm Optimization (MPSO) packet delivery rate outperforms TRAACKPSO by 3.3% with 0% malicious nodes. Similarly, the packet delivery rate of TRAACKMPSO is 30% malicious, 3.5% better than TRAACKPSO in WSN.


Cite This Article

S. Navaneetha Krishnan, P. Sundara Vadivel, D. Yuvaraj, T. Satyanarayana Murthy, S. Jagadeesh Malla et al., "Enhanced route optimization for wireless networks using meta-heuristic engineering," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 43, no.1, pp. 17–26, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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