Vol.119, No.4, 2022, pp.1403-1418, doi:10.32604/ee.2022.019200
OPEN ACCESS
REVIEW
Prospects and Challenges of Utilizing Solar Energy for the COVID-19 Vaccine Cold Storage in Remote Clinics of Tropical Countries: Review
  • Indra Mamad Gandidi1,*, Apri Wiyono1, Nugroho Agung Pambudi2,*, Rahmat Romadhon3, Alfan Sarifudin2
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, 40154, Indonesia
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, 57126, Indonesia
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, 40116, Indonesia
* Corresponding Authors: Indra Mamad Gandidi. Email: ; Nugroho Agung Pambudi. Email:
Received 08 September 2021; Accepted 10 February 2022; Issue published 23 May 2022
Abstract
The rapid spread of COVID-19 pandemic has forced several countries in the world to store vaccines in cold storage towards ensuring their protection from being damaged and to maintain their stability. However, most remote clinics, especially those in the equator and islands, are faced with the challenges of hot climates and the inability to afford electricity resources needed to power the cold storage facility. Meanwhile, the hot equatorial region has abundant solar energy to power the vaccine cold storage but previous studies showed that several field workers do not have the ability to maintain the vaccine storage temperature as indicated by the manufacturer’s recommendations. Therefore, this literature review study examines the prospects and challenges of implementing solar-powered cold storage to provide cooling space for remote clinics. This is expected to contribute significantly to cold chain vaccine management technology. The findings showed that four technology integration schemes including Cold Storage Ice Maker, Cold Storage Ice Maker-PCM, Refrigerator-Ice Maker and, Absorbing Cooling-PV-Ice Maker have the potential to be applied in clinics situated in certain tropical regions.
Keywords
COVID-19; vaccine; cold storage; solar power; remote clinic
Cite This Article
Gandidi, I. M., Wiyono, A., Pambudi, N. A., Romadhon, R., Sarifudin, A. (2022). Prospects and Challenges of Utilizing Solar Energy for the COVID-19 Vaccine Cold Storage in Remote Clinics of Tropical Countries: Review. Energy Engineering, 119(4), 1403–1418.
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