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Engine Performance Using Blended Fuels of Biodiesel and Eco Diesel

Muhammad Idris1,*, I. Husin2, Indra Hermawan1, Uun Novalia3, R. D. Batubara1, Nugroho Agung Pambudi4,*, Alfan Sarifudin4

1 Study Program of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Medan Area, Medan, 20156, Indonesia
2 Study Program of Mechanical Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Medan, Medan, 20156, Indonesia
3 Study Program of Industrial Engineering, Universitas Harapan Medan, Medan, 20156, Indonesia
4 Department of Mechanical Engineering Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, 57126, Indonesia

* Corresponding Authors: Muhammad Idris. Email: email; Nugroho Agung Pambudi. Email: email

Energy Engineering 2023, 120(1), 107-123.


Diesel engines is an internal combustion engine with high thermal efficiency, which also uses biodiesel fuel, an environmentally friendly, non-toxic, and low sulfur content. Biodiesel has been around for a long time due to its similar characteristics to diesel fuels which has limited availability. However, several disadvantages are associated with biodiesel, such as poor volatility and high viscosity, which reduces engine performance. Therefore, this study was carried out to improve the diesel engine performance by mixing biodiesel with ecodiesel (ED), an additive produced from natural ingredients that is dissolvable in biodiesel. The biodiesel fuel properties used are  density 860 kg/, dynamic viscosity 4.50E-06 /s, cetane number 45, and flashpoint 52°C. The results showed that biodiesel-ED mixture could improve engine performance and the optimum performance was at a speed of 3000 rpm on 43.30 (kW), 124.93 (N.m) of the engine torque, and 2.45E−5 (kg/kW.s) of the specific fuel consumption. According to paired sample t-test, the difference in the engine performance is only experienced in the torque, which has a significant increase in the composition of the biodiesel+ED by 0.07 gr mixture.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Idris, M., Husin, I., Hermawan, I., Novalia, U., Batubara, R.D. et al. (2023). Engine performance using blended fuels of biodiesel and eco diesel. Energy Engineering, 120(1), 107-123.
Vancouver Style
Idris M, Husin I, Hermawan I, Novalia U, Batubara RD, Pambudi NA, et al. Engine performance using blended fuels of biodiesel and eco diesel. Energ Eng. 2023;120(1):107-123
IEEE Style
M. Idris et al., "Engine Performance Using Blended Fuels of Biodiesel and Eco Diesel," Energ. Eng., vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 107-123. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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