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Fault Diagnosis Method of Energy Storage Unit of Circuit Breakers Based on EWT-ISSA-BP

Tengfei Li1, Wenhui Zhang1, Ke Mi1, Qingming Lin1, Shuangwei Zhao2,*, Jiayi Song2

1 Puneng Electric Power Technology Engineering Branch, Shanghai Hengnengtai Enterprise Management Co., Ltd., Shanghai, 200437, China
2 School of Electrical Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610065, China

* Corresponding Author: Shuangwei Zhao. Email: email

Energy Engineering 2024, 121(7), 1991-2007. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2024.049460

Abstract

Aiming at the problem of energy storage unit failure in the spring operating mechanism of low voltage circuit breakers (LVCBs). A fault diagnosis algorithm based on an improved Sparrow Search Algorithm (ISSA) optimized Backpropagation Neural Network (BPNN) is proposed to improve the operational safety of LVCB. Taking the 1.5kV/4000A/75kA LVCB as an example. According to the current operating characteristics of the energy storage motor, fault characteristics are extracted based on Empirical Wavelet Transform (EWT). Traditional BPNN has problems such as difficulty adjusting network weights and thresholds, being sensitive to initial weights, and quickly falling into local optimal solutions. The Sparrow Search Algorithm (SSA) with self-adjusting weight factors combined with bidirectional mutations is added to optimize the selection of BPNN hyperparameters. The results show that the ISSA-BPNN can accurately and quickly distinguish six conditions of motor voltage reduction: motor voltage increase, motor voltage decrease, energy storage spring stuck, transmission gear stuck, regular state and energy storage spring not locked. It is suitable for fault diagnosis and detection of the energy storage part of LVCB.

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APA Style
Li, T., Zhang, W., Mi, K., Lin, Q., Zhao, S. et al. (2024). Fault diagnosis method of energy storage unit of circuit breakers based on EWT-ISSA-BP. Energy Engineering, 121(7), 1991-2007. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2024.049460
Vancouver Style
Li T, Zhang W, Mi K, Lin Q, Zhao S, Song J. Fault diagnosis method of energy storage unit of circuit breakers based on EWT-ISSA-BP. Energ Eng. 2024;121(7):1991-2007 https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2024.049460
IEEE Style
T. Li, W. Zhang, K. Mi, Q. Lin, S. Zhao, and J. Song "Fault Diagnosis Method of Energy Storage Unit of Circuit Breakers Based on EWT-ISSA-BP," Energ. Eng., vol. 121, no. 7, pp. 1991-2007. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2024.049460



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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