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Investigation of the Melting Coupled Natural Convection of Nano Phase Change Material: A Fan Less Cooling of Heat Sources

Mustapha FARAJI1
Laboratory of Physics of Materials, Microelectronics, Automatics and Thermal Sciences, LPMMAT, Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences Ain Chock, Hassan II University, Casablanca-Morocco.
* Corresponding Author:Email: .

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2017, 13(1), 19-36. https://doi.org/10.3970/fdmp.2017.013.019

Abstract

A two-dimensional numerical model that accounts for heat transfer by conduction and natural convection in the molten region of nano enhanced Phase Change Material (PCM) is performed. Numerical investigations were conducted using an enthalpy- porosity method in order to examine the impact of the dispersion of copper (CuO) nanoparticles on the heat source temperature and the effect on the heat sink secured working time and the melting rate. Results show that heat spreads more easily along the conducting plate and to the PCM and, consequently, the PCM melts rapidly and the heat source is efficiency cooled by the addition of nanopartices. In contrast, the heat source secured working time decreases for high nanoparticles fraction.

Keywords

Nanoparticles, PCM, melting, latent heat storage, thermal control, natural convection, heat source.

Cite This Article

FARAJI, M. (2017). Investigation of the Melting Coupled Natural Convection of Nano Phase Change Material: A Fan Less Cooling of Heat Sources. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 13(1), 19–36.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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