FDMPOpen Access

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing

ISSN:1555-256X(print)
ISSN:1555-2578(online)
Publication Frequency:Bimonthly(Regular isssues of FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing will be published monthly from 2023)

  • Online
    Articles

    759

  • on board
    editors

    92

Table of Content


About the Journal

The Journal is intended to cover some "frontier" aspects of materials science and, in particular, the most modern and advanced processes for the production of inorganic (semiconductors and metal alloys), organic (protein crystals) materials and "living" (in vitro) biological tissues, with emphasis on the fluid-dynamic conditions under which they are operated. The Journal focuses on the final properties of these materials as well as on fluid-mechanical aspects pertaining to the technological processes used to grow them. Some attention is devoted as well to all those problems of “structure/fluid” interaction that have extensive background applications in important fields such as marine, aeronautical and aerospace engineering.

Indexing and Abstracting

Emerging Source Citation Index (Web of Science) (ESCI 2016); Scopus Citescore (Impact per Publication 2021): 1.9; SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper 2021): 0.745; Engineering Index (Compendex); Thomson Reuters (Clarivate Analytics) Master Journal List; Web of Science Core Collection; Applied Mechanics Reviews; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts: Aerospace and High Technology, Materials Sciences & Engineering, and Computer & Information Systems Abstracts Database; INSPEC Databases; Mechanics; Science Navigator; Zentralblatt fur Mathematik; Portico, etc...

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Comparative Study of Different Drying Processes for a Deformable Saturated Porous Medium

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1339-1348, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.022888
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Materials and Energy an Updated Image for 2021)
    Abstract Drying of a deformable saturated porous medium based on convective tempering is a novel method that can enhance energy efficiency and the quality of the dried product itself. In this experimental investigation, the performances of this specific technique are compared with those of a standard stationary drying process in terms of deformation, drying kinetics, moisture redistribution, and energy consumption. In particular, the response of a deformable saturated porous medium (Kaolin) is considered. The results are critically discussed pointing out advantages and drawbacks. More >

    Graphic Abstract

    A Comparative Study of Different Drying Processes for a Deformable Saturated Porous Medium

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Design and Dynamic Analysis of Pipeline Dredging Devices

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1349-1367, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.024513
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computational Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics in Intelligent Manufacturing and Material Processing)
    Abstract In order to improve the efficiency as well the adaptability and operability of traditional devices used to dredge drainage pipelines a new design is presented here, obtained by matching the structural specifications of a drainage pipeline with the working principle of a high-pressure water jet (HPWJ). To effectively improve the water jet nozzle performances, the nozzle’s structural parameters of the proposed device have been analyzed through Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation. The corresponding behavior of the fluids inside and outside the self-rotational nozzle has been numerically simulated. The final design for the nozzle has been optimized taking into account such… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Design and Dynamic Analysis of Pipeline Dredging Devices

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hemodynamic Analysis and Diagnosis Based on Multi-Deep Learning Models

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1369-1383, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.024836
    Abstract This study employs nine distinct deep learning models to categorize 12,444 blood cell images and automatically extract from them relevant information with an accuracy that is beyond that achievable with traditional techniques. The work is intended to improve current methods for the assessment of human health through measurement of the distribution of four types of blood cells, namely, eosinophils, neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes, known for their relationship with human body damage, inflammatory regions, and organ illnesses, in particular, and with the health of the immune system and other hazards, such as cardiovascular disease or infections, more in general. The results… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Hemodynamic Analysis and Diagnosis Based on Multi-Deep Learning Models

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of the Applicability of a Risk Quantitative Evaluation Method to High Temperature-Pressure Drilling Engineering

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1385-1395, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025454
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High Pressure Jet Theory and its Applications)
    Abstract The optimization of methods for the quantitative evaluation of risks in drilling engineering is an effective means to ensure safety in situations where high temperature and high pressure blocks are considered. In such a context, this study analyzes the complexity of the drilled wells in such blocks. It is shown that phenomena such as well kick, loss, circulation, and sticking, are related to the imbalance of wellbore pressure. A method for risk quantitative evaluation is proposed accordingly. The method is used to evaluate the risk for 9 drilled wells. By comparing the predictions of the method with actual historical data… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Analysis of the Applicability of a Risk Quantitative Evaluation Method to High Temperature-Pressure Drilling Engineering

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Simulation of Vertical Solar Power Plants with Different Turbine Blades

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1397-1409, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.024916
    Abstract The performances of turbine blades have a significant impact on the energy conversion efficiency of vertical solar power plants. In the present study, such a relationship is assessed by considering two kinds of airfoil blades, designed by using the Wilson theory. In particular, numerical simulations are conducted using the SST K − ω model and assuming a wind speed of 3–6 m/s and seven or eight blades. The two airfoils are the NACA63121 (with a larger chord length) and the AMES63212; It is shown that the torsion angle of the former is smaller, and its wind drag ratio is larger; furthermore,… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Simulation of Vertical Solar Power Plants with Different Turbine Blades

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of Heat Transfer and Condensation in Micro-Ribbed Tubes

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1411-1424, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.024924
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computational Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics in Intelligent Manufacturing and Material Processing)
    Abstract The thermal transmission coefficient for a micro-ribbed tube has been determined using theoretical relationships and the outcomes of such calculations have been compared with experiments conducted using a R1234yf refrigerant undergoing condensation. In particular four theoretical single-phase flow and three multi-phase flow models have been used in this regard. The experimental results show that: the Oliver et al. criterion equation overestimates the experimental results as its accuracy is significantly affected by the specific conditions realized inside micro-fin tubes; the Miyara et al. criterion equation prediction error is less than 15%; the Cavallini et al. approach gives the highest prediction accuracy;… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CFD Analysis of Spiral Flow Fields in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1425-1445, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025282
    Abstract Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are largely used in various applications because of their pollution-free products and high energy conversion efficiency. In order to improve the related design, in the present work a new spiral flow field with a bypass is proposed. The reaction gas enters the flow field in the central path and diffuses in two directions through the flow channel and the bypass. The bypasses are arranged incrementally. The number of bypasses and the cross-section size of the bypasses are varied parametrically while a single-cell model of the PEMFC is used. The influence of the concentration of… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    CFD Analysis of Spiral Flow Fields in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fluid-Dynamics Analysis and Structural Optimization of a 300 kW MicroGas Turbine Recuperator

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1447-1461, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025269
    Abstract Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is used here to reduce pressure loss and improve heat exchange efficiency in the recuperator associated with a gas turbine. First, numerical simulations of the high-temperature and low-temperature channels are performed and, the calculated results are compared with experimental data (to verify the reliability of the numerical method). Second, the flow field structure of the low-temperature side channel is critically analyzed, leading to the conclusion that the flow velocity distribution in the low-temperature side channel is uneven, and its resistance is significantly higher than that in the high-temperature side. Therefore, five alternate structural schemes are proposed… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Fluid-Dynamics Analysis and Structural Optimization of a 300 kW MicroGas Turbine Recuperator

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulation of 3D Flow Field and Flow-Induced Noise Characteristics in a T-Shaped Reducing Tee Junction

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1463-1478, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.024259
    Abstract The so-called T-shaped reducing tees are typically used to divide, change and control (to a certain extent) the flow direction in pipe networks. In this study, the Ffowcs Williams–Hawkings (FW-H) equation and the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) methods are used to simulate the flow-induced noise related to T-shaped reducing tees under different inlet flow velocities and for different pipe diameter ratios. The results show that the maximum flow velocity, average flow velocity, and vorticity in the branch pipe increase gradually as the related diameter decreases. Strong vorticity and secondary flows are also observed in the branch pipe, and the associated… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Numerical Simulation of 3D Flow Field and Flow-Induced Noise Characteristics in a T-Shaped Reducing Tee Junction

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CFD-Based Optimization of a Diesel Engine Waste Heat Recycle System

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1479-1493, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.022634
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences II)
    Abstract A dedicated heat exchanger model is introduced for the optimization of heavy-duty diesel engines. The model is a prerequisite for the execution of CFD simulations, which are used to improve waste heat recovery in these systems. Several optimization methods coupled with different types of working fluids are compared in terms of exergy efficiency and heat exchanger complicity. The three considered optimization methods all lead to significant improvements in the R245fa and R1233zd systems with a comparatively low evaporation temperature. The optimal R245fa system has the highest efficiency increase (77.49%). The cyclopentane system displays the highest effi- ciency among the optimized… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Assessment of the Elastic-Wave Well Treatment in Oil-Bearing Clastic and Carbonate Reservoirs

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1495-1505, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.022335
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing in the Oil and Gas Industry)
    Abstract A set of techniques for well treatment aimed to enhance oil recovery are considered in the present study. These are based on the application of elastic waves of various types (dilation-wave, vibro-wave, or other acoustically induced effects). In such a context, a new technique is proposed to predict the effectiveness of the elastic-wave well treatment using the rank distribution according to Zipf’s law. It is revealed that, when the results of elastic wave well treatments are analyzed, groups of wells exploiting various geological deposits can differ in terms of their slope coefficients and free members. As the slope coefficient increases,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Buoyancy Effects in the Peristaltic Flow of a Prandtl-Eyring Nanofluid with Slip Boundaries

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1507-1519, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.022520
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Electro- magnetohydrodynamic Nanoliquid Flow and Heat Transfer)
    Abstract The interaction of nanoparticles with a peristaltic flow is analyzed considering a Prandtl-Eyring fluid under various conditions, such as the presence of a heat source/sink and slip effects in channels with a curvature. This problem has extensive background links with various fields in medical science such as chemotherapy and more in general nanotechnology. A similarity transformation is used to turn the original balance equations into a set of ordinary differential equations, which are then integrated numerically. The investigation reveals that nanofluids have valuable thermal capabilitises. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental Research on the Millimeter-Scale Distribution of Oil in Heterogeneous Reservoirs

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1521-1534, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.023296
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Oil and Gas Transportation and Treatment Technologies)
    Abstract Oil saturation is a critical parameter when designing oil field development plans. This study focuses on the change of oil saturation during water flooding. Particularly, a meter-level artificial model is used to conduct relevant experiments on the basis of similarity principles and taking into account the layer geological characteristics of the reservoir. The displacement experiment’s total recovery rate is 41.35%. The changes in the remaining oil saturation at a millimeter-scale are examined using medical spiral computer tomography principles. In all experimental stages, regions exists where the oil saturation decline is more than 10.0%. The shrinkage percentage is 20.70% in the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling Date Palm Trunk Fibers (DPTF) Packed Bed Adsorption Performances for Cadmium Removal from Aqueous Wastewater

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1535-1549, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.024300
    Abstract In this study, the potential of a low-cost bio-adsorbent, taken directly from Date Palm Trunk Fibers (DPTF) agricultural wastes, for cadmium ions removal from wastewaters is examined. The performances of this adsorbent are evaluated by building breakthrough curves at different bed heights and flow rates while keeping other parameters, such as the initial feed concentration, pH, and particle size, constant. The results indicate that the maximum cadmium adsorption capacity of DTPF can be obtained from the Thomas model as 51.5 mg/g with the most extended mass transfer zone of 83 min at the lowest flow rate at 5 ml/min. The… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Modeling Date Palm Trunk Fibers (DPTF) Packed Bed Adsorption Performances for Cadmium Removal from Aqueous Wastewater

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Finite Element Simulation of Temperature Variations in Concrete Bridge Girders

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1551-1572, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.024430
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computational Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics in Intelligent Manufacturing and Material Processing)
    Abstract The internal temperature of cast-in-place concrete bridges undergoes strong variations during the construction as a result of environmental factors. In order to determine precisely such variations, the present study relies on the finite element method, used to model the bridge box girder section and simulate the internal temperature distribution during construction. The numerical results display good agreement with measured temperature values. It is shown that when the external temperature is higher, and the internal and external temperature difference is relatively small, the deviation of the fitting line from existing specifications (Chinese specification, American specification, New Zealand specification) is relatively large… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis and Optimization of Flow-Guided Structure Based on Fluid-Structure Interaction

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1573-1584, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.024873
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computational Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics in Intelligent Manufacturing and Material Processing)
    Abstract Gases containing sulfur oxides can cause corrosion and failure of bellows used as furnace blowers in high-temperature environments. In order to mitigate this issue, the behavior of an effective blast furnace blower has been examined in detail. Firstly, the Sereda corrosion model has been introduced to simulate the corrosion rate of the related bellows taking into account the effects of temperature and SO2 gas; such results have been compared with effective measurements; then, the average gas velocity in the pipeline and the von Mises stress distribution of the inner draft tube have been analyzed using a Fluid-Structure Interaction model. Finally,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulation of Droplets Interacting with a Microcolumnar Solid Structure

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1585-1608, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.024987
    Abstract The VOF method is used to simulate the dynamics of a droplet interacting with a structure consisting of an array of microcolumns mounted on a flat surface. Such a specific configuration is intended to mimic the typical properties of lotus leaves, which typically display regularly arranged micron-scale papillary structures. After setting the initial velocity of the simulated droplet on the basis of practical considerations, an analysis is conducted about the effect of the characteristic size of the microstructure on the apparent contact angle. The pressure variation in the microstructure caves is also examined. The simulation results show that the change… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimization of Anti-Collapse Drilling Fluid Systems with High Potassium Content

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1609-1622, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025263
    Abstract The ash mudstone in some oil formations is highly water-sensitive. The oil formation is fractured, and the risk of well leakage and collapse is not negligible. This study presents a countermeasure for well collapse prevention, based on a “force-chemistry synergistic balance” approach and the utilization of environmentally friendly and efficient hydration inhibitors. The relevance of this approach is demonstrated considering a drilling fluid system with the high potassium content. The analysis shows that the system can maintain good rheological properties, filtration loss and suspension stability even after aging at 130°C for 16 h. The primary roll recovery of rock chips… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effect of Different Freeze-Thaw Cycles on Mortar Gas Permeability and Pore Structure

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1623-1636, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025083
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Fluid Dynamics and Functional Materials)
    Abstract Two different freeze-thaw cycles (FTC) are considered in this study to assess the related impact on gas permeability and micro-pore structure of a mortar. These are the water-freezing/water-thawing (WF-WT) and the air-freezing/air-thawing (AF-AT) cycles. The problem is addressed experimentally through an advanced nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique able to provide meaningful information on the relationships among gas permeability, pore structure, mechanical properties, and the number of cycles. It is shown that the mortar gas permeability increases with the number of FTCs, the increase factor being 20 and 12.83 after 40 cycles for the WF-WT and AF-AT, respectively. The results also… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Computational Analysis of Surface Pressure Distribution over a 2D Wedge in the Supersonic and Hypersonic Flow Regimes

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1637-1653, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025113
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Materials, Energy, and Fluid Dynamics)
    Abstract The complex fluid-dynamic instabilities and shock waves occurring along the surface of a two-dimensional wedge at high values of the Mach number are studied here through numerical solution of the governing equations. Moreover, a regression model is implemented to determine the pressure distribution for various Mach numbers and angles of incidence. The Mach number spans the interval from 1.5 to 12. The wedge angles (θ) are from 5° to 25°. The pressure ratio (P2/P1) is reported at various locations (x/L) along the 2D wedge. The results of the numerical simulations are compared with the regression model showing good agreement. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Analysis of Cavity-Based Control of Base Pressure Variations at Supersonic Mach Numbers

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1655-1678, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025230
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Materials, Energy, and Fluid Dynamics)
    Abstract In the present study, the base pressure variations induced by the presence of a cavity, known to have a strong influence of the behaviour of supersonic projectiles, are investigated through numerical solution of the balance equations for mass, momentum, and energy. An area ratio of four is considered and numerical simulations are carried out at Mach M = 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, and 1.8 assuming no cavity or cavity locations 0.5D, 1D, 1.5D, and 2D. The inlet pressure of the nozzle is considered as a flow variable. The Taguchi method is also used, and the considered cases are then analyzed using… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study of the Seepage Mechanism in Thick Heterogeneous Gas Reservoirs

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1679-1691, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025312
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Oil and Gas Well Fluid Mechanics)
    Abstract

    The seepage mechanism plays a crucial role in low-permeability gas reservoirs. Compared with conventional gas reservoirs, low-permeability sandstone gas reservoirs are characterized by low porosity, low permeability, strong heterogeneity, and high water saturation. Moreover, their percolation mechanisms are more complex. The present work describes a series of experiments conducted considering low-permeability sandstone cores under pressure-depletion conditions (from the Xihu Depression in the East China Sea Basin). It is shown that the threshold pressure gradient of a low-permeability gas reservoir in thick layers is positively correlated with water saturation and negatively correlated with permeability and porosity. The reservoir stress sensitivity is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Thermal Properties Reconstruction and Temperature Fields in Asphalt Pavements: Inverse Problem and Optimisation Algorithms

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1693-1708, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025270
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computational Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics in Intelligent Manufacturing and Material Processing)
    Abstract A two-layer implicit difference scheme is employed in the present study to determine the temperature distribution in an asphalt pavement. The calculation of each layer only needs four iterations to achieve convergence. Furthermore, in order to improve the calculation accuracy a swarm intelligence optimization algorithm is also exploited to inversely analyze the laws by which the thermal physical parameters of the asphalt pavement materials change with temperature. Using the basic cuckoo and the gray wolf algorithms, an adaptive hybrid optimization algorithm is obtained and used to determine the relationship between the thermal diffusivity of two types of asphalt pavement materials… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Model for the Determination of Semi-Circular Spot Corrosion Damage and Residual Strength in Oil Pipes

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1709-1720, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025513
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Fluid Flow and Materials Strength related to the Wellbore Safety)
    Abstract Pitting corrosion often occurs due to the presence of various corrosive substances, such as CO2 and H2S, in the pipe service environment. As a result of this process, the residual strength of oil pipes is reduced and this can compromise the integrity of the entire pipe string. In the present work, a model is introduced on the basis of the API579 standard to determine the so-called stress concentration coefficient. The model accounts for pitting corrosion shapes such as shallow semi-circles, semi-circles, and deep semi-circles. The relationship between the corrosion pit depth and opening diameter and the residual strength of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of the Lost Circulation Problem

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1721-1733, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025578
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Fluid Flow and Materials Strength related to the Wellbore Safety)
    Abstract The well-known “lost circulation” problem refers to the uncontrolled flow of whole mud into a formation. In order to address the problem related to the paucity of available data, in the present study, a model is introduced for the lost-circulation risk sample profile of a drilled well. The model is built taking into account effective data (the Block L). Then, using a three-dimensional geological modeling software, relying on the variation function and sequential Gaussian simulation method, a three-dimensional block lost-circulation risk model is introduced able to provide relevant information for regional analyses. More >

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