FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing

About the Journal

The Journal is intended to cover some "frontier" aspects of materials science and, in particular, the most modern and advanced processes for the production of inorganic (semiconductors and metal alloys), organic (protein crystals) materials and "living" (in vitro) biological tissues, with emphasis on the fluid-dynamic conditions under which they are operated. The Journal focuses on the final properties of these materials as well as on fluid-mechanical aspects pertaining to the technological processes used to grow them. Some attention is devoted as well to all those problems of “structure/fluid” interaction that have extensive background applications in important fields such as marine, aeronautical and aerospace engineering.

Indexing and Abstracting

Emerging Source Citation Index (Web of Science) (ESCI 2016); Scopus Citescore (Impact per Publication 2021): 1.9; SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper 2021): 0.745; Engineering Index (Compendex); Thomson Reuters (Clarivate Analytics) Master Journal List; Web of Science Core Collection; Applied Mechanics Reviews; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts: Aerospace and High Technology, Materials Sciences & Engineering, and Computer & Information Systems Abstracts Database; INSPEC Databases; Mechanics; Science Navigator; Zentralblatt fur Mathematik; Portico, etc...

  • Performance Enhancement of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells: Solvation Model
  • Abstract Merocyanine 540-based dye has been successfully used in n-type dye-sensitized solar cells for the first time. Given the need to better understand the behavior of the dye adsorbed on the TiO2 electrode, we report results of time-dependent density-functional theory (TD-DFT) studies of Merocyanine 540-based dye in different solvents. The highest absorption peaks were recorded at 489 and 493 nm in Water and Ethanol solvent, Vs. the Vacuum phase which yielded 495 nm, leading to a modest electron injection-free energy value (ΔGinj) of −2.34 eV for both Water and Ethanol solvents. We provide the electronic structure and simulated UV-Vis spectra of the Merocyanine 540 dye… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Performance Enhancement of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells: Solvation Model
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  • Characterization of the Omni-Processor Sewage Sludge Ash for Reuse as Construction Material
  • Abstract Omni Processors (OP) are machines which use sludge as a fuel to generate electricity and clean water, but create ash at the same time. In the present study, fly ash and bottom ash are investigated as materials for potential reuse in the construction field. First, the granular size, density and Blaine finesse are determined. Then, the chemical composition and microstructure are obtained by means of X-ray fluorescence and Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), respectively. Finally, ashes reactivity is determined by two chemical methods (modified Chapelle test, bound water content R3) and a mechanical method (pozzolanic activity index). The characterization… More
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  • Elaboration of a Road Material Based on Clayey Soil and Crushed Sand
  • Abstract To contribute to the enhancement of unconventional local materials used for road construction, this study characterizes a crushed sand 0/5, a clayey soil and the litho-stabilized material without and with hydraulic binder and determines their use in accordance with some reference specifications (CEBTP 1984). It is shown that the different components are not usable alone in pavement base. Indeed, the plasticity index obtained for the clayey soil is 21%, a value higher than the imposed standards. In addition, the grading of the 0/5 crushed sand does not fit into the range proposed by CEBTP. A combination of these two (02)… More
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  • Feasibility Study for a Hybrid Power Plant (PV-Wind-Diesel-Storage) Connected to the Electricity Grid
  • Abstract In this work, we present a feasibility study for a new hybrid power plant (PV-Wind-Diesel-Storage) directly connected to the electrical grid. Several simulations are performed to verify the performance of the hybrid system under different scenarios using real meteorological data. It is shown that the performances of the hybrid system connected to the electrical network depend obviously on the available energy resources and constraints because the renewable energies are intermittent. In addition, the price of the kWh of electricity supplied by the hybrid system is determined, which amounts to $0.209/kWh, which is very cost effective and satisfactory for the considered… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Feasibility Study for a Hybrid Power Plant (PV-Wind-Diesel-Storage) Connected to the Electricity Grid
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  • Turbulent Double-Diffusive Natural Convection and Entropy Generation within an Inclined Square Cavity
  • Abstract The present study deals with double-diffusive convection within a two-dimensional inclined cavity filled with an air-CO2 binary gas mixture. The left and the right vertical walls are differentially heated and subjected to different locations of (CO2) contaminants to allow for the variation of the buoyancy strength (N). However, the horizontal walls are assumed adiabatic. The simulations are conducted using the finite volume method to solve the conservation equations of continuity, momentum, energy, and species transport. Good agreement with other numerical results in the literature is obtained. The effect of multiple parameters, namely, buoyancy ratio (N), thermal Rayleigh number (Ra), and… More
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  • Numerical Study on the Resin Transfer Molding Curing Process for Thick Composites Materials
  • Abstract The successful manufacture of thick composites is challenging, since the highly exothermic nature of thermoset resins and limited temperature control make avoiding the onset of detrimental thermal gradients within the composite relatively difficult. This phenomenon is mainly caused by exothermic heat reactions. The so-called Michaud’s model has been largely used in the literature to reduce the gap between experience and simulation with regard to the effective prediction of the temperature cycle in these processes. In this work, another solution is proposed to simulate the curing process for thick composites, namely preheating the resin to activate the curing reaction before resin… More
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  • Anomaly Detection on Textured Images with Convolutional Neural Network for Quality Control of Micrometric Woven Meshes
  • Abstract Industrial woven meshes are composed of metal material and are often used in construction, industrial and residential industries. The context of this work is defect detection in industrial fabrics in the quality control process. It is often performed with a manual method and could be quite tedious and time-consuming. We propose here a method to automatically detect defects in micrometric steel meshes using a Convolutional Neural Network. The database used for this work comes from the real problem of anomaly detection on micrometric woven meshes. This detection is performed through supervised classification with Convolutional Neural Network using a VGG19 architecture.… More
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  • Reinforcement of Clay Soils through Fracture Grouting
  • Abstract Fracture grouting is widely used for building foundation reinforcement, however the underpinning mechanisms are still not clear. Using numerical results about a single-hole fracture grouting process as a basis, a model composed of soil and grouting veins has been created to analyze the reinforcement mechanism. The influence weights of the grouting vein skeleton and compaction effect have been studied, thereby obtaining relevant information on the compressive modulus of the considered composite soil. The research results show that the compaction effect plays a leading role in the soil fracture grouting reinforcement. The grouting pressure, the hardened grouting vein modulus, and the… More
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  • An Analysis of the Factors Influencing Cavitation in the Cylinder Liner of a Diesel Engine
  • Abstract Avoiding cavitation inside the water jacket is one of the most important issues regarding the proper design of a diesel engine’s cylinder liner. Using CFD simulations conducted in the frame of a mixture multiphase approach, a moving grid technology and near-wall cavitation model, in the present study the factors and fluid-dynamic patterns that influence cavitation are investigated from both macroscopic and mesoscopic perspectives. Several factors are examined, namely: wall vibration, water jacket width, initial cavitation bubble radius, coolant temperature, and number of bubbles. The results show that reducing the cylinder liner vibration intensity can significantly weaken the cavitation. Similarly, increasing… More
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  • An Accurate Dynamic Forecast of Photovoltaic Energy Generation
  • Abstract The accurate forecast of the photovoltaic generation (PVG) process is essential to develop optimum installation sizing and pragmatic energy planning and management. This paper proposes a PVG forecast model for a PVG/Battery installation. The forecasting strategy is built on a Medium-Term Energy Forecasting (MTEF) approach refined dynamically every hour (Dynamic Medium-Term Energy Forecasting (DMTEF)) and adjusted by means of a Short-Term Energy Forecasting (STEF) strategy. The MTEF predicts the generated energy for a day ahead based on the PVG of the last 15 days. As for STEF, it is a combination between PVG Short-Term (ST) forecasting and DMTEF methods obtained… More
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  • Thermographic Observation of High-Frequency Ethanol Droplet Train Impingement on Heated Aluminum and Glass Surfaces
  • Abstract The present study investigates thermal gradients on the heated aluminum and glass surfaces during ethanol droplet train impingement in the surface temperature ranges of 140°C–240°C. The ethanol droplet impingement is applied with an incline of 63 degrees and the droplet diameter is 0.2 mm in both aluminum and glass surface experiments. Thermal gradients are observed with a thermographic camera. Compared to the glass, the aluminum surface has very small liquid accumulations and better evaporation performance thanks to its higher thermal conductivity. Low thermal conductivity of glass results in higher thermal gradients on the surface. The droplet impact area on the… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Thermographic Observation of High-Frequency Ethanol Droplet Train Impingement on Heated Aluminum and Glass Surfaces
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  • Modeling the Unsteady Flow of a Newtonian Fluid Originating from the Hole of an Open Cylindrical Reservoir
  • Abstract This work deals with the modeling of the unsteady Newtonian fluid flow associated with an open cylindrical reservoir. This reservoir presents a hole on the right bottom wall. Fluid volume variation, heat and mass transfers are neglected. The unsteady governing equations are based on the conservation of mass and momentum. A finite volume technique is used to solve the non-dimensional equations and related boundary conditions. The algebraic system of equations resulting from the discretization process are solved by means of the THOMAS algorithm. For pressure-velocity coupling, the SIMPLE algorithm (Semi Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations) is used. Results for… More
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  • The Effect of Swirl Intensity on the Flow Behavior and Combustion Characteristics of a Lean Propane-Air Flame
  • Abstract The effect of swirl number (Sn) on the flow behavior and combustion characteristics of a lean premixed propane Flame Ф = 0.5 in a swirl burner configuration was numerically verified in this study. Two-dimensional numerical simulations were performed using ANSYS-Fluent software. For turbulence closure, a standard K-ε turbulence model was applied. The turbulence-chemistry interaction scheme was modeled using the Finite Rate-Eddy Dissipation hybrid model (FR/EDM) with a reduced three-step reaction mechanism. The P1 radiation model was used for the flame radiation inside the combustion chamber. Four different swirl numbers were selected (0, 0.72, 1.05, and 1.4) corresponding to different angles… More
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  • Tuning the Spatially Controlled Growth, Structural Self-Organizing and Cluster-Assembling of the Carbyne-Enriched Nano-Matrix during Ion-Assisted Pulse-Plasma Deposition
  • Abstract Revise and shorten the abstract as follows: Carbyne-enriched nanomaterials are of current interest in nanotechnology-related applications. The properties of these nanomaterials greatly depend on their production process. In particular, structural self-organization and auto-synchronization of nanostructures are typical phenomena observed during the growth and heteroatom-doping of carbyne-enriched nanostructured metamaterials by the ion-assisted pulse-plasma deposition method. Accordingly, fine tuning of these processes may be seen as the key step to the predictive designing of carbyne-enriched nano-matrices with improved properties. In particular, we propose an innovative concept, connected with application of the vibrational-acoustic effects and based on universal Cymatics mechanisms. These effects are… More
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  • A Method for Identifying Channeling Paths in Low-Permeability Fractured Reservoirs
  • Abstract Often oilfield fractured horizontal wells produce water flowing in multiple directions. In this study, a method to identify such channeling paths is developed. The dual-medium model is based on the principle of inter-well connectivity and considers the flow characteristics and related channeling terms. The Lorentz curve is drawn to qualitatively discern the geological type of the low-permeability fractured reservoir and determine the channeling direction and size. The practical application of such an approach to a sample oilfield shows that it can accurately identify the channeling paths of the considered low-permeability fractured reservoir and predict production performances according to the inter-well… More
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  • Simulation of Oil-Water Flow in a Shale Reservoir Using a Radial Basis Function
  • Abstract Due to the difficulties associated with preprocessing activities and poor grid convergence when simulating shale reservoirs in the context of traditional grid methods, in this study an innovative two-phase oil-water seepage model is elaborated. The modes is based on the radial basis meshless approach and is used to determine the pressure and water saturation in a sample reservoir. Two-dimensional examples demonstrate that, when compared to the finite difference method, the radial basis function method produces less errors and is more accurate in predicting daily oil production. The radial basis function and finite difference methods provide errors of 5.78 percent and… More
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  • Comparative Analysis of the Measured and Simulated Performances of a Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Power Plant
  • Abstract The present study comparing actual data and simulated parameters was carried out using the PVsyst software for a 5.94 KWp grid-connected photovoltaic system, consisting of three types of mono-Si (2.04 KWp), poly-Si (2.04 KWp) and amorphous-Si (1.86 KWp) photovoltaic panels and a weather station. The research is based on data collected for one year (2020) of energy production Simulations were performed using long-term meteorological data generated by NASA and on-site measurement. A comparison of evaluated monthly and annually performance elements has also been considered: Eac, PR, FC. As shown by the results, each photovoltaic technology has certain advantages in different… More
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  • Experimental Study and Numerical Simulation of Polymer Flooding
  • Abstract The numerical simulation of polymer flooding is a complex task as this process involves complex physical and chemical reactions, and multiple sets of characteristic parameters are required to properly set the simulation. At present, such characteristic parameters are mainly obtained by empirical methods, which typically result in relatively large errors. By analyzing experimentally polymer adsorption, permeability decline, inaccessible pore volume, viscosity-concentration relationship, and rheology, in this study, a conversion equation is provided to convert the experimental data into the parameters needed for the numerical simulation. Some examples are provided to demonstrate the reliability of the proposed approach. More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Experimental Study and Numerical Simulation of Polymer Flooding
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  • Optimization of the Thermoelectric Performances of CoSbS Semiconductors Using the High-Pressure Fabrication Method
  • Abstract CoSbS-based compounds are good thermoelectric materials with low thermal conductivity and good electrical properties, which can effectively be used to improve the efficiency of many thermoelectric conversion processes. In order to improve their properties even more, in this study a series of experiments have been conducted in the frame of the traditional solid-phase synthesis and high-pressure method. It is shown that if the mass fluctuation and stress fluctuation in the considered CoSbS system increase, the scattering probability of phonons is enhanced and the lattice thermal conductivity of the material is reduced. Adding a small amount of Se can simultaneously optimize… More
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  • Optimal Experiment Design for the Identification of the Interfacial Heat Transfer Coefficient in Sand Casting
  • Abstract The interfacial heat transfer coefficient (IHTC) is one of the main input parameters required by casting simulation software. It plays an important role in the accurate modeling of the solidification process. However, its value is not easily identifiable by means of experimental methods requiring temperature measurements during the solidification process itself. For these reasons, an optimal experiment design was performed in this study to determine the optimal position for the temperature measurement and the optimal thickness of the rectangular cast iron part. This parameter was identified using an inverse technique. In particular, two different algorithms were used: Levenberg Marquard (LM)… More
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  • Thermomechanical Characterization of a Bio-Sourced Material Based on Clay and Alfa Fibers
  • Abstract Bio-based materials are of great interest owing to their abundance and the immense potential they display as an ideal alternative to widely used industrial construction materials (that directly and indirectly harm the environment). In this scope, an in-depth experimental study is presented here on clay-based materials aimed to enhance their properties through the addition of other bio-based components such as fibers, in the present case alfa fiber. The thermal conductivity and mechanical properties (compressive and flexural tensile strengths) of the composite clay-alfa material are analyzed with the percentage of alfa fiber in the matrix ranging from 0% to 4%. It… More
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  • Managed Pressure Drilling Technology: A Research on the Formation Adaptability
  • Abstract Existing pressure drilling technologies are based on different principles and display distinct characteristics in terms of controlling the pressure and degree of formation adaptability. In the present study, the constant bottom hole pressure (CBHP) and controlled mud level (CML) dual gradient drilling methods are considered. Models for the equivalent circulating density (ECD) are introduced for both drilling methods, taking into account the control pressure parameters (wellhead back pressure, displacement, mud level, etc.) and the relationship between the equivalent circulating density curve in the wellbore and two different types of pressure profiles in deep-water areas. The findings suggest that the main… More
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