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FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing

About the Journal

The Journal is intended to cover some "frontier" aspects of materials science and, in particular, the most modern and advanced processes for the production of inorganic (semiconductors and metal alloys), organic (protein crystals) materials and "living" (in vitro) biological tissues, with emphasis on the fluid-dynamic conditions under which they are operated. The Journal focuses on the final properties of these materials as well as on fluid-mechanical aspects pertaining to the technological processes used to grow them. Some attention is devoted as well to all those problems of “structure/fluid” interaction that have extensive background applications in important fields such as marine, aeronautical and aerospace engineering.

Indexing and Abstracting

Emerging Source Citation Index (Web of Science) (ESCI 2016); Scopus Citescore (Impact per Publication 2018): 0.35; SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper 2018): 0.158; Engineering Index (Compendex); Thomson Reuters (Clarivate Analytics) Master Journal List; Web of Science Core Collection; Applied Mechanics Reviews; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts: Aerospace and High Technology, Materials Sciences & Engineering, and Computer & Information Systems Abstracts Database; INSPEC Databases; Mechanics; Science Navigator; Zentralblatt fur Mathematik; Portico, etc...

  • Numerical Simulation of the Wake Generated by a Helicopter Rotor in Icing Conditions
  • Abstract The wake generated by the rotor of a helicopter can exert a strong interference effect on the fuselage and the horizontal/vertical tail. The occurrence of icing on the rotor can obviously make this interplay more complex. In the present study, numerical simulation is used to analyze the rotor wake in icing conditions. In order to validate the overall mathematical/numerical method, the results are compared with similar data relating to other tests; then, different simulations are conducted considering helicopter forward flight velocities of 0, 10, 20, 50, and 80 knots and various conditions in terms of air temperature (atmospheric temperature degrading… More
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  • A Review on the Evaporation Dynamics of Sessile Drops of Binary Mixtures: Challenges and Opportunities
  • Abstract The wetting and evaporation dynamics of sessile droplets have gained considerable attention over the last few years due to their relevance to many practical applications, ranging from a variety of industrial problems to several biological systems. Droplets made of binary mixtures typically undergo complex dynamics due to the differential volatility of the considered components and the ensuing presence of thermocapillary effects. For these reasons, many research groups have focused on the evaporation of binary droplets using a variegated set of experimental, numerical, and purely theoretical approaches. Apart from reviewing the state-of-the-art about the existing experimental, analytical, and computational techniques used… More
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  • MHD and Viscous Dissipation Effects in Marangoni Mixed Flow of a Nanofluid over an Inclined Plate in the Presence of Ohmic Heating
  • Abstract The problem of Marangoni mixed convection in the presence of an inclined magnetic field with uniform strength in a nanofluid (formed by the dispersion of two metallic nanoparticles, i.e., Copper (Cu), and alumina (Al2O3) in water) is addressed numerically. The effects of viscous dissipation and Ohmic heating are also considered. The original set of governing partial differential equations is reduced to a set of non-linear coupled ordinary differential equations employing the similarity transformation technique. The simplified equations are numerically solved through MATLAB ‘bvp4c’ algorithm. The results are presented in terms of graphs for several parameters. It is found that enhancing… More
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  • Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of Nanoparticle Transport and Attachment in a Microchannel Heat Sink
  • Abstract The heat transfer performances of a microchannel heat sink in the presence of a nanofluid can be affected by the attachment of nanoparticle (NP) on the microchannel wall. In this study, the mechanisms underlying NP transport and attachment are comprehensively analyzed by means of a coupled double-distribution-function lattice Boltzmann model combined with lattice-gas automata. Using this approach, the temperature distribution and the two-phase flow pattern are obtained for different values of the influential parameters. The results indicate that the number of attached NPs decrease exponentially as their diameter and the fluid velocity grow. An increase in the wall temperature leads… More
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  • Analysis of the Agglomeration of Powder in a Coaxial Powder Feeding Nozzle Used for Laser Energy Deposition
  • Abstract

    To improve the agglomeration of powder in a coaxial powder feeding nozzle used in the frame of a laser energy deposition technique, the influence of several parameters must be carefully assessed. In the present study the problem is addressed by means of numerical simulations based on a DEM-CFD (Discrete Element Method and Discrete Element Method) coupled model. The influence of the powder flow concentration, powder flow focal length and the amount of powder at the nozzle outlet on the rate of convergence of the powder flow is considered. The role played by the nozzle outlet width, the angle between the… More

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  • A Pressure-Drop Model for Oil-Gas Two-Phase Flow in Horizontal Pipes
  • Abstract The accurate prediction of the pressure distribution of highly viscous fluids in wellbores and pipelines is of great significance for heavy oil production and transportation. The flow behavior of high-viscosity fluids is quite different with respect to that of low-viscosity fluids. Currently, the performances of existing pressure-drop models seem to be relatively limited when they are applied to high-viscosity fluids. In this study, a gas-liquid two-phase flow experiment has been carried out using a 60 mm ID horizontal pipe with air and white oil. The experimental results indicate that viscosity exerts a significant influence on the liquid holdup and pressure… More
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  • Zeolite A Synthesized from Geothermal Waste Using Conventional and Microwave Heating for the Hydrothermal Treatment
  • Abstract Zeolite A has been successfully synthesized from geothermal waste with natrium aluminate and natrium silicate using conventional (C-H) and microwave heating (M-H) for the hydrothermal treatment. The products obtained for different aging times have been characterized using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It is shown that with the M-H process, zeolite can be formed at relatively low temperature (100°C) in a relatively short time (40 min). The crystallization of zeolite A has been found to be generally promoted by an increase of aging and synthesis time; however, it has also been observed… More
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  • Numerical Simulation of the Mixing and Hydrodynamics of Asphalt and Rubber in a Stirred Tank
  • Abstract Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has been used to analyze the mixing process of Asphalt and Rubber (AR) in a stirred tank with a six flat-blade disc turbine (Rushton), a down-pumping 45° pitched-blade turbine (PBTD-6) and a down-pumping propeller (TXL). The two-phase (solid-liquid) flow in the considered stirred tank has been modelled in the framework of an Eulerian-Eulerian approach, a laminar-flow assumption and a multi-reference frame strategy. The following effects have been investigated: The influence of the impeller speed, impeller type, crumb rubber (CR) particle diameter and initial CR particle loading on the quality of the CR particle’s suspension. The outcomes… More
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  • On the Influence of Vortex-Induced Resistance on Oil-Shale Particle-Slurry Flow in Vertical Pipes
  • Abstract The transportation in vertical pipelines of particle slurry of oil shale has important applications in several fields (marine mining, hydraulic mining, dredging of river reservoir, etc.). However, there is still a lack of information about the behavior of coarse particles in comparison to that of fine particles. For this reason, experiments on the fluidization and hydraulic lifting of coarse oil shale particles have been carried out. The experimental data for three kinds of particles with an average size of 5 mm, 15 mm and 25 mm clearly demonstrate that vortices can be formed behind the particles. On this basis, a… More
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  • Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Surface Magneto-Hydrodynamic Propulsion Induced by NdFeB Magnets
  • Abstract The so-called surface Magneto-hydro-dynamic (MHD) propulsion relies on the Lorentz force induced in weak electrolyte solutions (such as seawater or plasma) by NdFeB Magnets. The Lorentz force plays an important role in such dynamics as it directly affects the structures of flow boundary layers. Previous studies have mainly focused on the development of such boundary layers and related fluid-dynamic aspects. The main focus of the present study is the determination of electromagnetic field distributions around the propulsion units. In particular dedicated experiments and numerical simulations (based on the finite volume method) are conducted considering a NACA0012 airfoil immersed in seawater.… More
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  • A Pull-Out Test Study on the Working State of Fully Grouted Bolts
  • Abstract The present study examines the working conditions of fully grouted bolts used for the construction and expansion of high slopes. On the basis of a pull out destructive test, the work load and the ultimate load are obtained on site, and the Flac3d numerical simulation method is employed to determine the axial force distribution and the effective anchor length. The test results show that (1) the Q-S (load-displacement) curve of the bolt displays a certain degree of deformation coupled with the creep of the surrounding rock; (2) the working load of the bolt is closely related to the sliding deformation… More
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  • Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Swirling Pipe Flow with an Internal Conical Bluff Body
  • Abstract Turbulent swirling flow inside a short pipe interacting with a conical bluff body was simulated using the commercial CFD code Fluent. The geometry used is a simplified version of a novel liquid/gas separator used in multiphase flow metering. Three turbulence models, belonging to the Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations framework, are used. These are, RNG k-ε, SST k-ω and the full Reynolds stress model (RSM) in their steady and unsteady versions. Steady and unsteady RSM simulations show similar behavior. Compared to other turbulence models, they yield the best predictions of the mean velocity profiles though they exhibit some discrepancies in… More
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  • A Numerical Study on the Mechanisms Producing Forces on Cylinders Interacting with Stratified Shear Environments
  • Abstract A three dimensional (3D) numerical wave flume is used to investigate carefully the ISWs (Internal solitary wave) forces acting on cylinders interacting with a stratified shear environment. Using the Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) approach and analyzing the distribution of shear stress and pressure along the surface of the cylinder, the differential pressure resistance and the viscous force are obtained. The method of multiple linear regression analysis is adopted and a comprehensive influence coefficient is determined accordingly to account for the dimensionless forces acting on the cylinder. Results show that the differential pressure resistance on a square cylinder is 1.5 times higher… More
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  • On the Effect of the Rotating Chamber Reverse Speed on the Mixing of SiC Ceramic Particles in a Dry Granulation Process
  • Abstract In order to control the accumulation of SiC ceramic particles on the wall of the rotating chamber in the frame of a dry granulation process, the effect of the wall reverse speed on the mixing process is investigated. In particular, an Euler-Euler two-phase flow model is used to analyze the dynamics of both SiC particles and air. The numerical results show that by setting a certain reverse rotating speed of the rotating chamber, the accumulation of SiC particles on the wall can be improved, i.e., their direction of motion in proximity to the wall can be changed and particles can… More
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  • Effect of Al2O3 Nanoparticle on Cavitation Strengthening of Magnesium Alloys
  • Abstract In order to study the effect of Al2O3 nanoparticles in the cavitation-based strengthening process of magnesium alloys, the impact of a micro-jet generated by bubble collapse has been considered. The strengthening mechanism is based on the transfer of the energy of cavitation due to bubble collapse to Al2O3 particles, which then undergo collision with the surface of the sample. The hardness, surface morphology, element content and chemical state of the strengthened samples have been analyzed by microhardness tests, SEM (scanning electron microscopy) and XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) techniques. The results show that: after 5 min of strengthening, nanoparticles can be… More
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