FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing

About the Journal

The Journal is intended to cover some "frontier" aspects of materials science and, in particular, the most modern and advanced processes for the production of inorganic (semiconductors and metal alloys), organic (protein crystals) materials and "living" (in vitro) biological tissues, with emphasis on the fluid-dynamic conditions under which they are operated. The Journal focuses on the final properties of these materials as well as on fluid-mechanical aspects pertaining to the technological processes used to grow them. Some attention is devoted as well to all those problems of “structure/fluid” interaction that have extensive background applications in important fields such as marine, aeronautical and aerospace engineering.

Indexing and Abstracting

Emerging Source Citation Index (Web of Science) (ESCI 2016); Scopus Citescore (Impact per Publication 2018): 0.35; SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper 2018): 0.158; Engineering Index (Compendex); Thomson Reuters (Clarivate Analytics) Master Journal List; Web of Science Core Collection; Applied Mechanics Reviews; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts: Aerospace and High Technology, Materials Sciences & Engineering, and Computer & Information Systems Abstracts Database; INSPEC Databases; Mechanics; Science Navigator; Zentralblatt fur Mathematik; Portico, etc...

  • Numerical Simulation of an Airfoil Electrothermal-Deicing-System in the Framework of a Coupled Moving-Boundary Method
  • Abstract A numerical method for the analysis of the electrothermal deicing system for an airfoil is developed taking into account mass and heat exchange at the moving boundary that separates the water film created due to droplet impingement and the ice accretion region. The method relies on a Eulerian approach (used to capture droplet dynamics) and an unsteady heat transfer model (specifically conceived for a multilayer electrothermal problem on the basis of the enthalpy theory and a phase-change correction approach). Through application of the continuous boundary condition for temperature and heat flux at the coupled movingboundary, several simulations of ice accretion,… More
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  • Effects of Heaving Motion on the Aerodynamic Performance of a Double-Element Wing in Ground Effect
  • Abstract The broad implication of the paper is to elucidate the significance of the dynamic heaving motion in the aerodynamic performance of multi-element wings, currently considered as a promising aspect for the improvement of the aerodynamic correlation between CFD, wind tunnel and track testing in race car applications. The relationship between the varying aerodynamic forces, the vortex shedding, and the unsteady pressure field of a heaving double-element wing is investigated for a range of mean ride heights, frequencies, and amplitudes, using a two-dimensional (2D) unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) approach and an overset mesh method for modelling the moving wing. The analysis… More
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  • Shear Flows in the Near-Turbulent Wake Region of High Speed Trains
  • Abstract Two flow cases for scaled high speed train models with different length are numerically analyzed in the framework of the improved delayed detachededdy simulation model. Specific attention is paid to the shear flows and related mechanisms in the near turbulent wake created by these moving models. In particular, a comparative analysis is made on the distributions of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) and turbulence production (TP) in planes perpendicular to the streamwise direction. The numerical results suggest that, in the wake region very close to the tail, significant TKE and TP can be ascribed to the dynamic interaction between powerful eddies… More
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  • CFD Simulation and Experimental Study of a New Elastic Blade Wave Energy Converter
  • Abstract Small moving vehicles represent an important category of marine engineering tools and devices (equipment) typically used for ocean resource detection and maintenance of marine rights and interests. The lack of efficient power supply modes is one of the technical bottlenecks restricting the effective utilisation of this type of equipment. In this work, the performance characteristics of a new type of elastic-blade/wave-energy converter (EBWEC) and its core energy conversion component (named wave energy absorber) are comprehensively studied. In particular, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and experiments have been used to analyze the hydrodynamics and performance characteristics of the EBWEC. The pressure… More
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  • Numerical Evaluation of Residual Water Content after Freezing during the Lyophilization of Platelets
  • Abstract Pre-freezing is an important stage in freeze-drying processes. For the lyophilization of a cell, freezing not only plays a role for primary dehydration, but it also determines the amount of residual (intracellular or extracellular) water, which in turn can influence the solution properties and the choice of operation parameters. The freezing of human platelets in lyoprotectant solution is theoretically investigated here. A two-parameter model and an Arrhenius expression are used to describe cell membrane permeability and its temperature dependency. It is assumed that the intracellular solution is composed of four components: sodium chloride, trehalose, serum protein and water, while the… More
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  • CFD Simulation of a Bag Filter for a 200MW Power Plant
  • Abstract The combustion of pulverized coal inevitably produces dust and other harmful substances. For these reasons, the optimization of de-dusting procedure and equipments is an aspect of crucial importance towards the final goal of making this source of energy more sustainable. In the present work, the behaviour of a “bag filter” is simulated using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). More specifically, three possible approaches are used, differing with respect to the level of fidelity and the partial utilization of empirical data. The outcome of these simulations is mutually compared and finally discussed critically in the light of available experimental results. More
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  • Numerical Simulation of Retrofit Scheme of a Boiler Tail Flue
  • Abstract Aiming at the problem that the total pressure loss of the flue of the electric precipitator of the 350 MW unit of a power plant to the inlet of the draft fan is too large, the numerical simulation software Fluent and the standard k-ε model was used to simulate the flue, the results show that the main part of the flue mean total pressure loss is derived from the confluence header and elbow. In order to reduce the loss and consider the cost of transformation, the concept of twodimensional feature surface is established, gradually proposed three sets of flue transformation… More
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  • Microscopic Simulation of Expansive Soils and Evolution Laws
  • Abstract In this paper, the discrete element method (DEM) is used to study the microstructure of expansive soils. The results of the numerical calculations are in agreement with the stress-strain triaxial test curve that is obtained for a representative expansive soil. Biaxial compression tests are conducted for different confining pressures (50 kpa, 100 kpa, and 150 kpa). Attention is paid to the following aspects: deviatoric stress, boundary energy, friction energy, bond energy, strain energy, kinetic energy, and the contact force between grains when the test specimen is strained and to the effect of the different confining pressures on the internal crack… More
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  • Improving Existing Drainage and Gas Recovery Technologies: An Experimental Study on the Wellbore Flow in a Horizontal Well
  • Abstract With the increasing number of horizontal wells with low pressure, low yield, and water production, the phenomenon of water and liquid accumulation in gas wells is becoming progressively more serious. In order to fix these issues, it is necessary to improve existing drainage and gas recovery technologies, increase the fluid carrying capacity of these wells, and ensure that the bottom-hole airflow has enough energy to transport the liquid to the wellhead. Among the many techniques of drainage and gas recovery, the gas lift has recently become a popular method. In the present study, through the simulation of the entire horizontal… More
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  • An Experimental Study on the Pressure Distribution in Horizontal Gas Wells
  • Abstract Laboratory experiments have been carried out to study the fluid flow in the wellbore of a horizontal gas well during the production process. The related pressure distribution has been determined considering different cases (different inflow media, different perforation opening methods and different liquid holdup). It has been found that the larger the fluid flow rate, the greater the pressure changes in the wellbore under the same hole opening mode. The uniformity of the perforation opening method was also an important factor affecting the magnitude of the wellbore pressure change. The liquid holdup also affected the pressure distribution, especially when the… More
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  • Heat Transfer Enhancement Using R1234yf Refrigerants in Micro-Ribbed Tubes in a Two-Phase Flow Regime
  • Abstract Experiments about heat transfer in the presence of a two-phase flow due to the condensation of a R1234yf refrigerant have been performed considering a smooth tube and two micro-fin tubes. The following experimental conditions have been considered: Condensation temperatures of 40°C, 43°C and 45°C, mass fluxes of 500–900 kg/(m2 ·s), vapor qualities at the inlet and outlet of the heat transfer tube in the ranges 0.8–0.9 and 0.2–0.3, respectively. These tests have shown that: (1) The heat transfer coefficient increases with decreasing the condensation temperature and on increasing the mass flux; (2) The heat transfer coeffi- cient inside the micro-fin… More
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  • Effects of Wall Emissivity on Aerodynamic Heating in Scramjets
  • Abstract The effects of the wall emissivity on aerodynamic heating in a scramjet are analyzed. The supersonic turbulent combustion flow including radiation is solved in the framework of a decoupled strategy where the flow field is determined first and the radiation field next. In particular, a finite difference method is used for solving the flow while a DOM (iscrete ordinates method) approach combined with a WSGGM (weighted sum of gray gases) model is implemented for radiative transfer. Supersonic nonreactive turbulent channel flows are examined for a DLR hydrogen fueled scramjet changing parametrically the wall emissivity. The results indicate that the wall… More
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