Home / Journals / FDMP / Vol.11, No.1, 2015
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Theoretical Study of Solvation Effect on Diffusion Coefficient of Li Ion in Propylene Carbonate

    Kentaro Doi1,2, Yuzuru Chikasako1, Satoyuki Kawano1,3
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.11, No.1, pp. 1-26, 2015, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2015.011.001
    Abstract Propylene carbonate (PC) and ethylene carbonate are known as good candidates of organic solvents to be used in Li-ion rechargeable batteries, since Li+ ions exhibit preferable charge-discharge characteristics with such solvents. On the other hand, polar solvents usually form solvation shells with solute ions, and cause a drastic reduction of ionic conductivity. Along these lines, there has been a curious question why the diffusion coefficient DLi of Li+ strongly depends on the salt concentration. In the present study, a theoretical model is developed on the basis of the Langevin equation in which the interactions between ions and solvent molecules are… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Acoustic Potential Generation under Acoustic Standing Waves Modeling using CFD Software

    C. S. Iorio1, C. Perfetti1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.11, No.1, pp. 27-48, 2015, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2015.011.027
    Abstract In the past few years, modeling of the Acoustic StandingWaves (ASW) phenomena has become a topic of great interest due to its theoretical connections with particle/cells manipulation techniques, which represent important tools in the biotechnology field. The present paper proposes a model based on the use of moving wall boundary conditions coupled with a viscous compressible fluid in a square channel. This model successfully achieved the generation of ASWs in the square cross-section for several resonance frequencies; the corresponding acoustic potential for the fundamental resonant mode and several harmonics have also been calculated and are discussed here. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Characteristics of a Hydromagnetic Non-Newtonian Squeeze Film Between Wide Parallel Rectangular Plates

    J.R. Lin1, T.L. Chou2, L.J. Liang2, M.C. Lin2, P.H. Lee2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.11, No.1, pp. 49-61, 2015, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2015.011.049
    Abstract The characteristics of a hydromagnetic non-Newtonian squeeze film formed between parallel rectangular plates under the application on an external magnetic field are investigated. A specific hydromagnetic non-Newtonian Reynolds equation is derived via pplication of the hydromagnetic flow theory together with the micro-continuum theory. It is found that the coupled effects of electrically conducting fluids and micropolar fluids result in a higher load capacity and a longer approaching time with respect to the non-conducting Newtonian case. These improved characteristics become more pronounced as the magnetic Hartmann parameter, the coupling parameter, and the fluid-gap parameter are increased. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Investigations of an Integrated Phase-Change-Material Solar Collector

    Z. Bouhssine1, M. Faraji1, M. Najam1, M. El Alami1,2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.11, No.1, pp. 63-85, 2015, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2015.011.063
    Abstract The objective of this study is to optimize the thermal performance of a solar collector. The solar collector is coupled to a building slab with a PCM layer. A mathematical model for the thermal behavior of the studied system is developed using the enthalpy method. The model parameters are defined and the resulting equations are solved iteratively. Several simulations were carried out to optimize the proposed heating system. The results show that the inlet temperature fluctuations are less pronounced than those at the outlet. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of MHD Double Dispersion Natural Convection in a C-shaped Enclosure in the Presence of a Nanofluid

    Bouchmel Mliki, Mohamed Ammar Abbassi, Ahmed Omri
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.11, No.1, pp. 87-114, 2015, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2015.011.087
    Abstract MHD double-diffusive natural convective flow in a C-shaped enclosure filled with a Cu/Water nanofluid is investigated numerically using the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM). Much care is devoted to the validation of the numerical code. The effects exerted on the flow, concentration and temperature fields by different parameters such as the Rayleigh number (103−106), the nanoparticle volume concentration (0−0,1), the Lewis number (1-5), the Hartmann number (0−30) and different types of nanoparticles (Cu, Ag, Al2O3 and TiO3 are assessed in detail. Results for stream function, Nusselt and Sherwood numbers are presented and discussed for various parametric conditions. Results indicate that the… More >

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