Home / Journals / FDMP / Vol.1, No.4, 2005
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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On the Stability of the Hadley Flow under the Action of an Acoustic Wave

    M.K. Achour1, S. Kaddeche2, A. Gharbi2, H. Ben Hadid3, D. Henry3
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.1, No.4, pp. 277-284, 2005, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2005.001.277
    Abstract The effects of an acoustic wave on the instabilities occurring in a lateral differentially heated cavity are investigated numerically. Linear stability results show that the acoustic wave affects significantly the instability characteristics of such a Hadley flow. Indeed, the sound field is found to stabilize both two dimensional transverse stationary and three dimensional longitudinal oscillatory instabilities which are the most critical modes affecting the buoyant convection in the fluid layer. Nevertheless, when stabilized by an acoustic wave, the 2D modes turn from stationary to oscillatory, with the known consequences of such a change on mass and heat transfer, especially in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    About the Formation of Macrosegregations During Continuous Casting of Sn-Bronze

    A. Ludwig1,2, M. Gruber-Pretzler2, M. Wu2, A. Kuhn3, J. Riedle3
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.1, No.4, pp. 285-300, 2005, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2005.001.285
    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Thermal Communication between Two Vertical Systems of Free and Forced Convection via Heat Conduction across a Separating Wall

    M. Mosaad2, A. Ben-Nakhi2, M. H. Al-Hajeri2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.1, No.4, pp. 301-314, 2005, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2005.001.301
    Abstract This work deals with the problem of thermal interaction between two fluid media at two different bulk temperatures and separated by a vertical plate. The problem is analyzed by taking into account the heat conduction across the separating plate. The flow configuration considered is one in which the two vertical boundary layers of free and forced convection developed on plate sides are in parallel flow. The dimensionless parameters governing the thermal interaction mechanisms are analytically deduced. The obtained results are presented in graphs to demonstrate the heat transfer characteristics of investigated phenomenon. The work reports a means to estimate the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Study of Low Frequency G-jitter Effect on Thermal Diffusion

    Y. Yan1, V. Shevtsova2, M. Z. Saghir1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.1, No.4, pp. 315-328, 2005, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2005.001.315
    Abstract Convection has a major impact on diffusion in fluid mixtures either on the Earth or in the microgravity condition. G-jitters, as the primary source that induces the vibrational convection in space laboratories, should be studied thoroughly in order to improve the diffusion-dominated fluid science experiments. In this paper we consider the effect of g-jitters on thermal diffusion. The mixture water-isopropanol (90:10 wt%) bounded in a cubic cell is simulated with a lateral heating and various vibration conditions. The fluid flow, concentration and temperature distributions are thoroughly analyzed for different g-jitter scenarios. It is shown that the overall effect of vibrations… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A High Resolution Pressure-Based Method for Compressible Fluid Flow

    M.H. Djavareshkian1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.1, No.4, pp. 329-342, 2005, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2005.001.329
    Abstract A pressure-based Euler scheme, based on a collocated grid arrangement is described. The newly developed algorithm has two new prominent features: (i) the use of normalized variables to bound the convective fluxes and (ii) the use of a high-resolution scheme in calculating interface density values to enhance the shock-capturing property of the algorithm. The algorithm is first tested for flows at different Mach numbers ranging from subsonic to supersonic on a bump in a channel geometry; then the results are compared with the corresponding ones obtained without the bounded scheme in the correction step. The output is also compared with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling of the Effect Of Rotation During Reaming into the Intramedullary Canal of a Long Bone

    J. Bahen1, O. Gaber1, K. Behdinan2, J. De Beer3, P. Zalzal4, M. Papini1, M. Z. Saghir1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.1, No.4, pp. 343-352, 2005, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2005.001.343
    Abstract The penetration of the reamer into the medullary cavity can be compared to a piston entering a cylinder filled with viscous fluid. When the flutes of the reamer are clogged with bone debris, fat and marrow, the piston effect is magnified and larger pressures are usually obtained. This paper considers a reamer with clogged flutes and investigates whether the rotation speed of the reamer has a significant influence on the pressure within the intramedullary cavity. The effect of reamer rotation speed on the pressure distribution within the bone is investigated numerically by solving the full three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations together with… More >

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