Home / Journals / FDMP / Vol.18, No.4, 2022
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Method for the Application of the ECMS (Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy) to Reduce Hydrogen Consumption in Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Wen Sun, Hao Liu, Ming Han, Ke Sun, Shuzhan Bai*, Guoxiang Li*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 867-882, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018923
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences)
    Abstract Fuel cell hybrid electric vehicles are currently being considered as ideal means to solve the energy crisis and global warming in today’s society. In this context, this paper proposes a method to solve the problem related to the dependence of the so-called optimal equivalent factor (determined in the framework of the equivalent consumption minimum strategy-ECMS) on the working conditions. The simulation results show that under typical conditions (some representative cities being considered), the proposed strategy can maintain the power balance; for different initial battery’s states of charge (SOC), after the SOC stabilizes, the fuel consumption is 5.25 L/100 km. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of Anthracite-to-Ilmenite-Ratio on Element Distribution in Titanium Slag Smelting in Large DC Furnaces

    Shihong Huang1, Ting Lei2, Yan Cui3, Zhifeng Nie4,*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 883-896, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018537
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials, Processing and Testing Technology)
    Abstract The distribution of titanium, carbon and associated elements (calcium, magnesium, silicon and aluminum) in a smelting process is studied by means of a chemical equilibrium calculation method for multiphase and multicomponent systems, and verified through comparison with production results. In particular, using the coexistence theory for titanium slag structures, the influence of the AIR (anthracite to ilmenite ratio) on the distribution of such elements is analyzed. The results show that the AIR can be adjusted to achieve a selective reduction of oxides in the melt. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Research on the Behavior of a Polyurethane Polymer Waterproof Material Used in Bridge Geotechnical Applications

    Yuzhuo Wang1,2, Zhichao Xu2,*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 897-906, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018972
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials, Processing and Testing Technology)
    Abstract Polyurethane is enjoying a widespread use as a polymer-based waterproof material in civil engineering In the present study we consider a temperature-sensitive waterproof and moisture-permeable polyurethane material (PTPE-PU) characterized by one or more phase transition temperatures (critical temperatures). Near the critical temperature, the waterproof and moisture permeability of polyurethane undergo abrupt changes. The related stability, thermal performance, water resistance, hydrostatic pressure, and moisture permeability are investigated here considering a PTPE-PU traditionally used in bridge geotechnical engineering. The results show that the moisture permeability of the coated bridge rock and soil undergo sudden variations near the crystallization and melting temperature of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of Highway Asphalt Modified with Recycled Rubber and Waste Plastics

    Aimin Zhang, Mingzhi Lu*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 907-918, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018995
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials, Processing and Testing Technology)
    Abstract In this study, it is shown how recycled rubber and waste plastics can modify the softening point and penetration of asphalt traditionally used for highways. It is shown that the modified asphalt can meet the performance index requirements when the components are present with a certain proportion or relative ratio (1:3.5). The dispersion process of the masterbatch in base asphalt can effectively be implemented, with good results and a smaller mixing time. The proposed approach may be regarded as a good strategy to achieve energy savings and protection of the environment. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study on the Thermal Performances of a New Type of Fabricated Thermally Insulating Decorative Wall Material

    Changlin Wang1,2,*, Yu Tang2, Xiao Shen3, Wenjing Sun2, Guanyong Li2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 919-932, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019036
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials, Processing and Testing Technology)
    Abstract This study proposes three possible keel-surface layer combinations to implement a new type of thermally insulating decorative wall system. A set of 8 samples has been studied. In particular, through theoretical calculations, simulations, and experimental verification, the influence of different types of connecting structures on the overall thermal performance of the wall system has been determined. It has been found that a proper combination of these elements can meet existing energy-saving standards and effectively reduce the energy loss caused by thermal bridges due to the installation of steel keels at the edges of integrated wall panels. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study on a Gas Plunger Lift Model for Shale Gas Wells and Its Effective Application

    Peng Liu1, Man Chen1, Zhiguo He1, Wei Luo2,3,*, Shiyu Miao2,3
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 933-955, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019736
    Abstract The problem of efficient gas lift for gas well annulus packers that rely on their own energy plungers is considered. The complex related gas-liquid problem is addressed in the frame of model where the gas inflow dynamics and liquid inflow dynamics of the considered shale gas wells are weakly coupled. On this basis, and with the aiding support of indoor simulation experimental data, a new gas plunger lift design taking into account liquid leakage is obtained. Finally, a dedicated software relying on this approach is developed and used to verify the reliability of the model by means of field examples. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Application of the Flamelet Model to Supersonic Turbulent Combustion

    Yongkang Zheng1, Qinxue Jiang1,*, Hao Tian1, Youda Ye1, Jingying Wang2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 957-971, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019048
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences)
    Abstract In this study, the flow field structure inside a scramjet combustor is numerically simulated using the flamelet/progress variable model. Slope injection is considered, with fuel mixing enhanced by means of a streamwise vortex. The flow field structure and combustion characteristics are analyzed under different conditions. Attention is also paid to the identification of the mechanisms that keep combustion stable and support enhanced mixing. The overall performances of the combustion chamber are discussed. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Synthesis of a Novel TiO2@Ag3PO4 Core-Shell Structure with Enhanced Photocatalytic Performance

    Chao Wei1,2, Zhongjin Peng2, Yunfei Chen3, Yanhai Cheng1,*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 973-984, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019772
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials, Processing and Testing Technology)
    Abstract Ag3PO4 exhibits a high photocatalytic activity if exposed to visible light, however, it displays bottlenecks such as poor cycle-stability and mediocre ability to degrade methyl orange (MO) because of limited adsorption of MO molecules onto its surface. In this study, nano TiO2 prepared by a one-step method was combined with Ag3PO4 to form a TiO2@Ag3PO4 heterojunction in order to improve this material both in terms of photocatalysis and photostability. After adding a KH-570 silane coupling agent, the photocatalytic performance of TiO2@Ag3PO4 could be improved even further, with the degradation rate of MO maintained at more than 90% after three cycles… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling of Heat Transfer and Steam Condensation Inside a Horizontal Flattened Tube

    M. Gh. Mohammed Kamil1,*, M. S. Kassim1, R. A. Mahmood2,3, L. AZ Mahdi4
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 985-998, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018938
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Multiphase Flow and Phase Change Heat Transfer)
    Abstract This work investigates the steam condensation phenomena in an air-cooled condenser. The considered horizontal flattened tube has a 30 mm hydraulic diameter, and its length is a function of the steam quality with a limit value between 0.95 and 0.05. The mass flow rate ranges from 4 to 40 kg/m2.s with a saturated temperature spanning an interval from 40°C to 80°C. A special approach has been implemented using the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) to solve a series of equations for the two-phase flow pattern and the related heat transfer coefficients. A wavy-stratified structure of the two-phase flow has been found when… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Assessment of the Performances of Carboxylic Acid Monomers as Fluid Loss Additives for Oil-Well Cement

    Hexing Liu1, Yi Huang1, Jinlong Zheng1, Ye Tian1, Mengran Xu2,*, Huajie Liu2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 999-1013, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.020059
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Dynamics and Materials Processing in Petroleum Engineering)
    Abstract The application of polycarboxylic acid as a fluid loss additive for cement (i.e., a substance specifically designed to lower the volume of filtrate that passes through the cement) can prolong the thickening time of cement slurries. Given the lack of data about the effects of carboxylic acid monomers as possible components for the additives traditionally used for oil-well cement, in this study different cases are experimentally investigated considering different types of these substances, concentrations, temperatures, and magnesium ion contamination. The results demonstrate that itaconic acid has a strong retarding side effect, while maleic and acrylic acids have similar influences on… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental Investigation of Two-Phase Flow Maldistribution in Plate Heat Exchangers

    Zhaiyk Tokhtarov1,*, Vitaly Perov2, Vitaly Borisov3, Evgeny Tikhomirov4, Olga Grunina5, Nadezhda Kapustina5,6, Elmira Cherkasova7, Natalya Suray5
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1015-1024, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019534
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Fluid Flow and Smart Materials)
    Abstract After conducting a critical survey of the different categories of existing heat exchangers, the results of several experiments about the behaviour of a two-phase current in an open channel are reported. The results confirm the complexity of the problems induced in heat exchangers by flow maldistribution, especially when two-phase flows are considered in multi-channel systems. It is shown that severe misalignment of heat exchangers can lead to a loss of economic performance of more than 25%. Improper distribution of fluid flow causes longer fluid coils to form, and the liquid cochlea can eventually occupy a large space, thereby reducing heat… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of a Winglet Combined with a Groove Tip on the Performances of a Variable-Pitch Axial Flow Fan

    Fei Zhou, Yu Zhou*, Xuemin Ye
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1025-1037, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.020196
    Abstract Taking a two-stage variable-pitch axial fan as the research object, five schemes, including a single counter-flow rib layout grooved tip, are numerically simulated using the fluent software. The results indicate that, compared with the original blade tip, the total pressure rise and efficiency of the four proposed schemes have been improved to various degrees, with Scheme 4 (groove tip with double counterflow ribs) displaying the best performances. The total pressure and efficiency are increased by 113.44 Pa and 0.955%, respectively. The blade tip leakage flow is reduced to varying degrees under different schemes, according to the following order: Scheme 1, Scheme… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Systematic Investigation of Two-Phase Flow in Special Channels

    Oleg R. Kuzichkin1,*, Muneam Hussein Ali2, Ayad F. Alkaim3, Lis M. Yapanto4, Gabdrakhman H. Valiev5, L. S. Abdullah6, Mustafa M. Kadhim7
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1039-1048, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019532
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Fluid Flow and Smart Materials)
    Abstract A systematic study of two-phase (water-air) currents in open channels (water-air) has been conducted by means of experiments and numerical simulations. A dedicated device has been designed and manufactured on purpose. The numerical simulations have been based on the solution of a system of mass, momentum and energy balance equations for a two-phase fluid. The effect of different influential parameters has been explored, namely, velocity and dimensions of the channel, surface pressure and tension. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Simulation Analysis of Ammonia Leakage and Dispersion in a Large-Scale Refrigeration System

    Jianlu Cheng1, Kaiyong Hu1,*, Jiang Shen1, Lu Jia1,2, Rui Niu1, Zhaoxian Yang3
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1049-1066, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019007
    Abstract The use of ammonia in large-scale refrigeration systems (such as those used for a stadium) requires adequate ammonia leakage prevention mechanisms are put in place. In the present study, numerical simulations have been conducted to study the dispersion law in the ammonia machinery room of the refrigeration system for the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics. The wind speed, and release location have been varied to investigate their effects on the dispersion profile. Different positions of the leakage points in the ammonia storage tank have been found to lead to different areas affected accordingly. In general, the dangerous region area decreases with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Comprehensive Study on the Process of Greenhouse Gas Sequestration Based on a Microporous Media Model

    Deqiang Wang*, Xiansong Zhang, Jian Zhang, Baozhen Li
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1067-1081, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019888
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Meshless, Mesh-Based and Mesh-Reduction Methods Based Analysis of Fluid Flow in Porous Media)
    Abstract Carbon dioxide geological sequestration is an effective method to reduce the content of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere of our planet. This process can also be used to improve the production of oil reservoirs by mixing carbon dioxide and crude oil. In the present study, a differential separation experiment (DL) based on actual crude oil components is used to simulate such a process. The results show that after mixing, the viscosity and density of reservoir fluid decrease and the volume coefficient increase, indicating that the pre buried gas induces fluid expansion and an improvement of the fluid rheological properties. These… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Structural Design and Analysis of a Booster Arm Made of a Carbon Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composite Material

    Songhua Hu*, Lixiong Sun, Hongying Xiong*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1083-1088, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019038
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials, Processing and Testing Technology)
    Abstract An analysis of a booster arm made of a carbon fiber reinforced epoxy composite material is conducted by means of a finite element analysis method. The mechanical properties are also determined through stretching and compression performance tests. It is found that the surface treatment of the fibers causes the silane coupling agent to undergo a chemical reaction on the surface of the glass fiber. The used material succeeds in producing significant vibrations damping (vibration attenuation effect is superior to that obtained with conventional alloy materials). More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Simulation of Oil-Water Flow in Shale Oil Reservoirs Based on Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics

    Qin Qian1, Mingjing Lu1,2,*, Feng Wang3, Aishan Li1, Liaoyuan Zhang1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1089-1097, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019837
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Meshless, Mesh-Based and Mesh-Reduction Methods Based Analysis of Fluid Flow in Porous Media)
    Abstract A Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method is employed to simulate the two-phase flow of oil and water in a reservoir. It is shown that, in comparison to the classical finite difference approach, this method is more stable and effective at capturing the complex evolution of this category of two-phase flows. The influence of several smooth functions is explored and it is concluded that the Gaussian function is the best one. After 200 days, the block water cutoff for the Gaussian function is 0.3, whereas the other functions have a block water cutoff of 0.8. The effect of various injection ratios… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimizing Fluid Flow Cooling in Gas Transmission Systems

    Gunawan Widjaja1, Mohaimen Al-Thamir2, Farshid Mehran3, Lis M. Yapanto4, Irina N. Fardeeva5, Alim Al Ayub Ahmed6, Supat Chupradit7, V. A. Kukushkina8, Oleg R. Kuzichkin9,*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1099-1109, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019489
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Fluid Flow and Smart Materials)
    Abstract In this study, structural theory was used to examine the geometric configuration of channels embedded inside an object in the presence of internal heat generation for cooling by a heat transfer mechanism. The growth and development of gas transmission lines and the lack of up-to-date integrated information systems have made the design and maintenance of pipelines, as well as the handling of problems caused by various accidents in the pipeline, very complex in many cases. Using accurate descriptive and spatial information in tolls on gas transmission line maps such as pipes, booster stations, valves, and forks in a spatial reference… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Analytical Model for the Thermal Assessment of a Vertical Double U-Tube Ground-Coupled Heat Pump System in Steady-State Conditions

    Ali H. Tarrad*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1111-1127, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.021541
    Abstract An analytical model was built to predict the thermal resistance of a vertical double U-tube ground-coupled heat pump that operates under steady-state conditions. It included a geometry obstruction factor for heat transfer throughout the backfill medium due to the presence of the second loop. The verification of the model was achieved by the implementation of five different borehole configurations and a comparison with other correlations in the available literature. The model considered a U-tube spacing range between (2) and (4) times the U-tube outside diameter producing a geometry configuration factor range of (0.29–0.6). The results of the model were utilized… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CFD Analysis of Can Heating Process

    David Alonso de Mezquia1,*, Uxue Arrieta1, M. Mounir Bou-Ali1, Ferruh Erdogdu2, Huseyin Topcam2, Bart Van Droogenbroeck3, Dagbjørn Skipnes4
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1129-1136, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.021731
    Abstract In this work, the thermal sterilization process in food cans has been analyzed using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). STAR CCM+ software has been used in order to develop a numerical model to study the heating process of standard and the recently proposed toroidal shaped cans. The model has been validated comparing the results with the ones obtained experimentally and numerically that can be found in the literature. A good agreement between the obtained numerical results and the experimental ones has been obtained. The results also agree with other numerical models previously developed in the literature. Once the model has been… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On the Dynamics of a Viscoelastic Fluid-Conveying Nanotube

    Ola Adil Ibrahim1, Gunawan Widjaja2, Abdulhussien N. Alattabi3, Krishanveer Singh4, Yasser Fakri Mustafa5, P. A. Krovopuskov6, Mustafa M. Kadhim7,*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1137-1151, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019921
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Fluid Flow and Smart Materials)
    Abstract The objective of the presented study is to perform a vibration analysis and investigate the stability of a viscoelastic-fluid conveying pipe with an intermediate support. The mathematical model is elaborated in the framework of the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory in combination with the Kelvin-Voight viscoelastic approach. The resulting differential equation of motion and the related boundary conditions and compatibility conditions in the mid-span support are solved analytically using a power series method. The results show that an intermediate support located at ξs = 0.1 and ξs = 0.5 increases the critical velocity up to 35% and 50.15%, respectively. Also, the non-dimensional… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Analysis of the Formation Mechanisms of Abrasive Particles and Their Effects on Cutting Efficiency

    Wei Zhang*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1153-1167, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019719
    Abstract Magnetic induction-free abrasive wire sawing (MIFAWS) is a method that combines magnetic fields with traditional free abrasive wire sawing technologies. Magnetic abrasive particles (MAPs) are attracted on a magnetized wire, thus leading to an increase in their number into the cutting zone. The number of instantaneous-effective abrasive particles (IEAPs) adsorbed on the wire surface has a great influence on the cutting efficiency of the saw wire. In this study, a mathematic model of the movement of the MAP is presented, and the factors influencing the IEAPs number, including slurry-supply speed and slurry dynamic viscosity, are investigated both by means of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Simulation of the Hydraulic Behavior of a Bionic-Structure Drip Irrigation Emitter

    Tianyu Xu1, Yanru Su1, Zhouming Su1, Shuteng Zhi1, Ennan Zheng1,*, Chengcheng Yan2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1169-1182, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018628
    Abstract The bionic structure drip irrigation emitter (BSDE) is a new-type emitter, by which better hydraulic performances can be obtained. In the present work, twenty-five sets of orthogonal test schemes were implemented to analyze the influence of the geometric parameters of the flow channel on the hydraulic characteristics and energy dissipation efficiency of this emitter. Through numerical simulations and verification tests, the flow index and energy dissipation coefficient were obtained. According to the results, the flow index of the BSDE is 0.4757–0.5067. The energy dissipation coefficient under the pressure head of 5–15 m is 584–1701. The verification test has shown that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Performance Analysis of an Organic Rankine Cycle with a Preheated Ejector

    Kaiyong Hu1,*, Yumeng Zhang1, Tianrun Zhang1, Dequan Zhang2,*, Zhaoxian Yang3
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1183-1193, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019787
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences)
    Abstract The so-called organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is an effective technology allowing heat recovery from lower temperature sources. In the present study, to improve its thermal efficiency, a preheated ejector using exhaust steam coming from the expander is integrated in the cycle (EPORC). Considering net power output, pump power, and thermal efficiency, the proposed system is compared with the basic ORC. The influence of the ejector ratio (ER) of the preheated ejector on the system performances is also investigated. Results show that the net power output of the EPORC is higher than that of the basic ORC due to the decreasing… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Machine Learning-Based Prediction of Oil-Water Flow Dynamics in Carbonate Reservoirs

    Xianhe Yue*, Shunshe Luo
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1195-1203, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.020649
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Meshless, Mesh-Based and Mesh-Reduction Methods Based Analysis of Fluid Flow in Porous Media)
    Abstract Because carbonate rocks have a wide range of reservoir forms, a low matrix permeability, and a complicated seam hole formation, using traditional capacity prediction methods to estimate carbonate reservoirs can lead to significant errors. We propose a machine learning-based capacity prediction method for carbonate rocks by analyzing the degree of correlation between various factors and three machine learning models: support vector machine, BP neural network, and elastic network. The error rate for these three models are 10%, 16%, and 33%, respectively (according to the analysis of 40 training wells and 10 test wells). More >

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