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CFD Analysis of Can Heating Process

David Alonso de Mezquia1,*, Uxue Arrieta1, M. Mounir Bou-Ali1, Ferruh Erdogdu2, Huseyin Topcam2, Bart Van Droogenbroeck3, Dagbjørn Skipnes4

1 Mechanical and Industrial Manufacturing Department, Engineering Faculty of Mondragon Unibertsitatea, Mondragon, 20500, Spain
2 Department of Food Engineering, Ankara University, Golbasi Kampusu, Golbasi, Ankara, 06830, Turkey
3 Institute for Agricultural, Fisheries and Food Research ILVO, Merelbeke, 9820, Belgium
4 NOFIMA Research Center, Stavanger, 4068, Norway

* Corresponding Author: David Alonso de Mezquia. Email: email

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2022, 18(4), 1129-1136.


In this work, the thermal sterilization process in food cans has been analyzed using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). STAR CCM+ software has been used in order to develop a numerical model to study the heating process of standard and the recently proposed toroidal shaped cans. The model has been validated comparing the results with the ones obtained experimentally and numerically that can be found in the literature. A good agreement between the obtained numerical results and the experimental ones has been obtained. The results also agree with other numerical models previously developed in the literature. Once the model has been validated, taking advance of the possibility to easily introduce movement in the simulations, new variables have been analyzed in the system using this model, such as rotational movement of the can. The model developed has been used to study the efficiency of the sterilization process with the two types of cans by means of calculating the temperature inside the systems and calculating the F0 parameter. It can be seen that the efficiency of the sterilization process is better in the toroidal cans. It has been also checked that CFD models can be very helpful in analyzing the temperature profiles inside the cans and making sure that the correct temperature has been obtained inside the can and the sterilization process has been correctly carried out.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Mezquia, D.A.D., Arrieta, U., Bou-Ali, M.M., Erdogdu, F., Topcam, H. et al. (2022). CFD analysis of can heating process. Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 18(4), 1129-1136.
Vancouver Style
Mezquia DAD, Arrieta U, Bou-Ali MM, Erdogdu F, Topcam H, Droogenbroeck BV, et al. CFD analysis of can heating process. Fluid Dyn Mater Proc. 2022;18(4):1129-1136
IEEE Style
D.A.D. Mezquia et al., "CFD Analysis of Can Heating Process," Fluid Dyn. Mater. Proc., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 1129-1136. 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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