Home / Journals / FDMP / Vol.5, No.2, 2009
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Production of Carbon Nanotubes-Nickel Composites on Different Graphite Substrates

    Munther Issa K,ah1, Jean-Luc Meunier2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 123-136, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.123
    Abstract Multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were synthesized on different graphite types covered with thin layer of nickel catalyst by catalytic chemical vapour deposition using acetylene as hydrocarbon source. The produced carbon nanotubes were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The shape, quantity and diameter of the MWCNTs are shown to be affected by the type of the graphite substrate, the growth temperature and the hydrocarbon source flow rate. The diameters of the produced MWCNTs were ranged between 43 and 80 nm for pyrolytic (PYROID) and polycrystalline (AXF-5Q) graphite, respectively when the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Heat and Mass Transfer Along of a Vertical Wall by Natural convection in Porous Media

    Aouachria Z1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 137-148, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.137
    Abstract This work treats heat and mass transfer by natural convection along a vertical wall in porous media imbibed by fluid, using an integral method. The problem governing parameters are the buoyancy ratio,N, and the Lewis number, Le The results for the local Nusselt and Sherwood numbers are presented for a large range of these parameters. The concentration and thermal boundary layer thickness are also determined. We observe that our results are in good agreement with those obtained by Bejan and Khair (1985). More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Stability of Marangoni Convection in a Composite Porous-Fluid with a Boundary Slab of Finite Conductivity

    Norihan M. Arifin1, Ioan Pop2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 149-160, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.149
    Abstract A linear stability analysis is used to investigate the onset of Marangoni convection in a three-layer system comprising an incompressible fluid saturated porous layer over which lies a layer of the same fluid and below which lies a solid layer. The lower boundary is subjected to a fixed heat flux, while the upper free surface of the fluid is non-deformable. At the interface between the fluid and the porous layer, the Beavers-Joseph slip condition is used and the Darcy law is employed to describe the flow in the porous medium. The asymptotic analysis of the long-wavelength is performed and the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Determination of Physical Properties of Porous Materials by a Lattice Boltzmann Approach

    M.R. Arab1,2, E. Semma3, B. Pateyron1, M. El Ganaoui1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 161-176, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.161
    Abstract In this work, flows in porous media are simulated by using a Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM). A model D2Q9 with a single collision operator is proposed. This method is applied on 2D digital images obtained by a Scanning Electron Microscope technique (SEM), and followed by a special treatment in order to obtain an image of synthesis that is finally read by the numerical code. The first results tested on two-dimensional configurations show the reliability of this strategy in simulating with a good accuracy phenomena of heat and mass transport. The numerical study is extended to the prediction of physical parameters… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Application of a Diffusion Model to Predict Drying Kinetics Changes Under Variable Conditions: Experimental and Simulation Study

    L. Bennamoun1, A. Belhamri2, A. Ali Mohamed
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 177-192, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.177
    Abstract This study focuses on the interplay between drying kinetics (encountered in typical industrial processes and particularly in the context of solar drying) and the possible variation of external (e.g., environmental) conditions. Theoretical models of these behaviours are introduced. Experimental results confirmed by simulation are also presented. Variation of the thermo physical properties of air is taken into account in terms of variation of viscosity, density and coefficient of diffusion. In particular, this coefficient is calculated from experimental data and expressed as a function of the wet bulb air temperature. When external conditions are modified and, as a natural consequence, also… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On the Behavior of an Interface under Molecular Diffusion: A Theoretical Prediction and Experimental Study

    R. Abdeljabar1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 193-210, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.193
    Abstract A theoretical model has been developed to predict the expansion of a salty gradient (i.e. the interface) layer under natural diffusion. The salty gradient layer is initially sandwiched between two homogeneous miscible layers of varying salinity, which may or may not have the same thickness. The model describes the concentration profile of the salty gradient layer (expressed by analytical solutions of the diffusion equation) as the boundaries of this interfacial layer move into the adjacent (hitherto homogeneous) regions. The lifetime of the adjacent layers is also predicted. An experimental study for a configuration with salty water below and distilled water… More >

Share Link

WeChat scan