Home / Journals / FDMP / Vol.5, No.3, 2009
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Three Dimensional Modeling of Ge0.98Si0.02Crystal Growth Conducted on board FOTON-M2 in the Presence of Rotating Magnetic Field

    M.M. Shemirani1, M.Z. Saghir2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.3, pp. 211-230, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.211
    Abstract A three-dimensional numerical modeling of Ge0.98Si0.02crystal growth is conducted to investigate the effect of g-jitter along with rotating magnetic field on the heat and mass transfer in the solvent region. It was found that the speed in the flow under the low frequency g-jitter is in the nano-centimeter per second and is too weak to have any impact on the silicon concentration in the process of crystallization near the growth interface. Different magnetic field intensities for different rotational speeds were examined. It was also found that rotating magnetic field not only did not suppress the convection but also generated an… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Use of Rotating Magnetic Field for Selenium Impurity Transport in Zone Refining of Tellurium and Cadmium

    J. Roszmann1, Y.C. Liu1, S. Dost1,2, B. Lent1, S. Grenier3, N. Audet3
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.3, pp. 231-244, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.231
    Abstract The article presents the results of a combined numerical and experimental study of the effect of rotating magnetic field on impurity transport in a zone refining system. An impurity (selenium) with a segregation coefficient close to unity was targeted. The three-zone system previously developed was used for experiments and numerical simulations. The numerical simulations were performed for tellurium (Te) and cadmium (Cd) molten zones, but the experiments could only be carried out for the Te-system. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Magnetic Fluid Based Squeeze Film behavior between curved circular Plates and Surface Roughness Effect

    Nikhilkumar D. Abhangi1, G. M. Deheri1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.3, pp. 245-260, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.245
    Abstract Efforts have been directed to study and analyze the behavior of a magnetic-fluid-based squeeze film between curved rough circular plates when the curved upper plate (with surface determined by an exponential expression) approaches the stationary curved lower plate (with surface governed by a secant function). A magnetic fluid is used as the lubricant in the presence of an external magnetic field oblique to the radial axis. The bearing surfaces are assumed to be transversely rough and the related roughness is characterized via a stochastic random variable with non-zero mean variance and skewness. The associated Reynolds equation is averaged with respect… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Some Benchmarks of a Side Wall Heated Cavity Using Lattice Boltzmann Approach

    R. Djebali1,2, M. El Ganaoui2,3, H. Sammouda1, R. Bennacer4
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.3, pp. 261-282, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.261
    Abstract The simplified thermal lattice Boltzmann model (STLBM) developed by Peng, Shu and Chew (2003) is used in this work to simulate low-Rayleigh-number natural convection in a heated rectangular cavity on a uniform grid. It is shown how by resorting to the double populations approach both hydrodynamic and thermal fields can be effectively simulated. Furthermore, a general benchmark is carried out to account for the effect of different parameters in relatively wide ranges. Results are compared with previous works available in the literature. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Coupling of Lattice Boltzmann Equation and Finite Volume Method to Simulate Heat Transfer in a Square Cavity

    Ahmed Mezrhab1, Hassan Naji2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.3, pp. 283-296, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.283
    Abstract The objective of this paper is to assess the effectiveness of the coupled Lattice Boltzmann Equation (LBE) and finite volume method strategy for the simulation of the interaction between thermal radiation and laminar natural convection in a differentially heated square cavity. The vertical walls of the cavity are adiabatic, while its top and bottom walls are cold and hot, respectively. The air velocity is determined by the lattice Boltzmann equation and the energy equation is discretized by using a finite volume method. The resulting systems of discretized equations have been solved by an iterative procedure based on a preconditioned conjugate… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Gas Phase Nitration on Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) Based Ion Exchange Resins

    Shishir Sinha1, Vinay Kumar2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.3, pp. 297-312, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.297
    Abstract High-capacity ion exchange resins based on Poly Methyl Methacrylate (PMMA) was developed during this study having higher mechanical strength, stable and, hydrophilic in nature compared to Poly styrene (PS) based systems. PMMA was cross-linked by Di Vinyl Benzene (DVB) to get macro porous PMMA-DVB resins by suspension polymerization. PMMA-DVB resins were surface modified by nitration followed by amination under appropriate temperature conditions. Change in the color of resin from white to pale yellow and pale yellow to golden yellow as well as characteristic peaks of NO2at 700 cm-1and 1400 cm-1and 3100-3200 cm-1for NH2group in FTIR spectroscopy confirmed the presence of… More >

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