Home / Journals / FDMP / Vol.3, No.2, 2007
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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Study of Liquid Metal Flow in a Rectangular Duct under the Influence of a Heterogeneous Magnetic Field

    Evgeny V. Votyakov1, Egbert A. Zienicke1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.3, No.2, pp. 97-114, 2007, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2007.003.097
    Abstract We simulated numerically the laminar flow in the geometry and the magnetic field of the experimental channel used in [Andreev, Kolesnikov, and Thess (2006)]. This provides detailed information about the electric potential distribution for the laminar regime (numerical simulation) and in the turbulent regime as well (experiment). As follows from comparison of simulated and experimental results, the flow under the magnet is determined by the interaction parameter N = Ha2 / Re representing the ratio between magnetic force, determined by the Hartmann number Ha, and inertial force, determined by the Reynolds number Re. We compared two variants: (i)(Re,N)=(2000,18.6) (experiment), (400,20.25)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling the Flow of Molten Steel in a Tundish Containing an Inclusion Filtering Trap

    A.K. Plappally1, M.A.R. Sharif1, R.C. Bradt2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.3, No.2, pp. 115-128, 2007, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2007.003.115
    Abstract A novel physical chemical filtration process in a tundish for removal of inclusion particles from molten steel is proposed and analyzed. The considered inclusion particles are mainly composed of the minerals alumina (Al2O3 and spinel (MgAl2O4, which have an affinity to adhere (on contact) to an inclusion trap. An industrial tundish is considered and modified with a zigzag channel block insert installed across the molten steel flow so that when the molten steel flows through the zigzag channels, the inclusion particles are driven into contact with the channel surfaces by increased recirculation and turbulence. The inclusions will bond with the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Flow Features and Industrial Applications of TSE Rheoextrusion Process

    H. Tang1, L.C. Wrobel2, Z. Fan2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.3, No.2, pp. 129-146, 2007, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2007.003.129
    Abstract This paper presents an overview of diverse extrusion techniques and, in particular, a focused discussion about the rheoextrusion process for semi-solid casting (a novel casting process for the fabrication of high quality metals). The review reveals a wealth of interesting rheological and microstructural features, illustrating qualitative and quantitative data. The analysis is supported by relevant numerical results and examples. It is shown how numerical studies can lead to significant insights into these processes by providing more detailed information on the fundamental mechanisms of morphology development (during phase change) and profile forming. The die filling and solidification behaviours within extrusion dies… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Recent Developments in Oscillatory Marangoni Convection

    Y. Kamotani1, S. Matsumoto2, S. Yoda2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.3, No.2, pp. 147-160, 2007, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2007.003.147
    Abstract A Marangoni Convection Modeling Research group was formed in Japan in order to investigate oscillatory thermocapillary flow systematically over a wide range of Prandtl number (Pr). The research by the group represents the current status of the subject. The present article reports the work done by the group members. The work is divided into three Pr ranges (low, medium and high) because the cause of oscillations is different in each range. For the low-Pr case, the transition to oscillatory flow is preceded by a steady bifurcation to three-dimensional convection. For the first time an experimental proof of this first transition… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Solid/Liquid Phase Change: Recent Studies and Models

    R. Prud’homme1, M. El Ganaoui2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.3, No.2, pp. 161-172, 2007, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2007.003.161
    Abstract Some problems related to solid/liquid phase change are presented. Attention is focused on interface modeling for numerical analysis and one-dimensional directional growing and melting. Microgravity relevance of some situations is emphasized. It is shown, in particular, that in some circumstances melting is not the simple reversal of crystal growth due to some (still poorly known) phenomena (nucleation and growth of liquid droplets in the bulk, solid and liquid dendrites due to a morphological instability of the phase boundary). Relevant mathematical models are discussed and described (to a certain extent) for analysis and/or characterization of these phenomena when they are disjoint… More >

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