Home / Journals / FDMP / Vol.7, No.2, 2011
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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improving the Efficiency of Wind Power System by Using Natural Convection Flows

    M. Kriaa1, M. El Alami1,2, M. Najam1, E. Semma3
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 125-140, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.125
    Abstract In this paper a numerical study of natural convection in a two dimensional convergent channel, with or without rectangular block, is carried out. The block is placed at the channel outlet and its thermal conductivity is set equal to that of air. One of channel planes is heated at constant temperature TH. The other one is maintained cold at TC < TH. The governing equations are solved using a finite volume method and the SIMLEC algorithm for the velocity-pressure coupling is used. Special emphasis is given to detail the effect of the block size and Rayleigh number on the dynamics… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Design Optimization of a Conical Annular Centrifugal Contractor

    M. N. Noui-Mehidi1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 141-152, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.141
    Abstract The present work is concerned with a numerical study of the performance of a conical annular centrifugal contractor through the analysis of the flow properties when the apex angle is changed for different imposed axial flows. The calculations revealed the advantage of using conical annular centrifugal contractors compared to the cylindrical annular centrifuges. The study is conducted by a comparison analysis of the hydrodynamics of fluid flow in both conical and cylindrical contractors where moderate axial flows are imposed. In both systems the outer body is stationary while the inner rotor is maintained at constant speed. The calculations are achieved… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Magnetohydrodynamic Flow and Heat Transfer of an Upper-Convected Maxwell Fluid Due to a Stretching Sheet

    R. C. Bataller1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 153-174, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.153
    Abstract We present a numerical study of the flow and heat transfer of an incompressible upper-convected Maxwell (UCM) fluid in the presence of an uniform transverse magnetic field over a porous stretching sheet taking into account suction at the surface as well as viscous dissipation and thermal radiation effects. Selected similarity analyses have been carried out by means of a numerical implementation. The effects on the velocity and temperature fields over the sheet of the parameters like elasticity number, suction velocity, magnetic parameter, radiation parameter, Prandtl number and Eckert number are also analyzed. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimal Formulation of Nanofluids for Maximum Free Convection Heat Transfer from Horizontal Isothermal Cylinders

    Massimo Corcione1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 175-200, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.175
    Abstract Free convection heat transfer in nanofluids from horizontal isothermal cylinders is investigated theoretically. The main idea upon which the present work is based is that nanofluids behave more like a single-phase fluid rather than like a conventional solid-liquid mixture. This assumption implies that all the convective heat transfer correlations available in the literature for single-phase flows can be extended to nanoparticle suspensions, provided that the thermophysical properties appearing in them are the nanofluid effective properties calculated at the reference temperature. In this connection, two empirical equations, based on a wide variety of experimental data reported in the literature, are proposed… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Impact of the Vibrations on Soret Separation in Binary and Ternary Mixtures

    S. Srinivasan1, M. Z. Saghir1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 201-216, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.201
    Abstract CFD simulations have been made to understand the impact of the vibrations of the ISS on the thermodiffusion process. Simulations were made for two ternary hydrocarbon mixtures and one binary associated mixture. While one of the ternary mixture was at a pressure of 35 MPa, the second ternary mixture as well as the binary mixture were at a pressure of 0.101325 MPa. The analysis of the results showed that imposing the ISS vibrations had a profound effect on the Soret effect in all three systems. More precisely, in all three mixtures, a single convective flow cell is established. Such a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Innovative Approach of Salt Separation Using the Soret Effect

    R. Abdeljabar1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 217-230, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.217
    Abstract In this paper, we discuss a new technique for desalination based on the principles of the Soret effect. In particular, the method stems from the peculiar behavior of the solute in a solution of sodium chloride (i.e. salty water layer) of uniform concentration being less or equal to 5wt% under the effect of an imposed temperature gradient with average temperature equal to 12oC. The Soret coefficient may be positive or negative according to whether the temperature of the solution is above or below 12oC. As two diffusion processes (one parallel to the temperature gradient and the other anti-parallel) can occur… More >

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