Home / Journals / FDMP / Vol.7, No.4, 2011
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Computational Study of High-Speed Droplet Impact

    T. Sanada1, K. Ando2, T. Colonius2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.4, pp. 329-340, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.329
    Abstract When a droplet impacts a solid surface at high speed, the contact periphery expands very quickly and liquid compressibility plays an important role in the initial dynamics and the formation of lateral jets. The high speed impact results in high pressures that can account for the surface erosion. In this study, we numerically investigated a high speed droplet impacts on a solid wall. The multicomponent Euler equations with the stiffened equation of state are computed using a FV-WENO scheme with an HLLC Riemann solver that accurately captures shocks and interfaces. In order to compare the available theories and experiments, 1D,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Flow-Induced Forces in Agglomerates

    J.J. Derksen1, D. Eskin2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.4, pp. 341-356, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.341
    Abstract Direct simulations of laminar solid-liquid flow in micro-channels with full resolution of the solid-liquid interfaces have been performed. The solids phase consists of simple agglomerates, assembled of monosized, spherical particles. The flow of the interstitial liquid is solved with the lattice-Boltzmann method. Solids and fluid dynamics are two-way coupled. The simulations keep track of the flow-induced forces in the agglomerates. The effects of agglomerate type (doublets, triplets, and quadruplets), solids loading, and channel geometry on (the statistics of the) flow and collision-induced forces have been investigated. By comparing these forces with agglomerate strength, we would be able to assess the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dynamics of a Single Air Bubble Rising in a Thin Gap Filled with Magnetic Fluids

    Y.Q. He, Q.C. Bi1, D.X. Shi1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.4, pp. 357-370, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.357
    Abstract The behavior of a single air bubble rising in magnetic fluids without magnetic fields is visualized using a mini-gap between two parallel vertical glass plates. Water-based Fe3O4 magnetic fluids with particle volume concentration of 6.33 % and density 1261.96 kgm - 3 are filled in these gaps and a single air bubble is produced through the orifice at the bottom of the gap. The thicknesses of the gaps are 1 and 2 mm, respectively. Diameters of the orifices are 0.64 and 1.02 mm for 1 mm gap, and 0.64, 1.02 and 1.6 mm for 2 mm gap. In addition, four… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Grid-Free Vortex Method for Particle-Laden Gas Flow

    T. Uchiyama1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.4, pp. 371-388, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.371
    Abstract This study proposes a three-dimensional grid-free method to simulate particle-laden gas flows. It is based on a vortex method. The flow region is not resolved into computational grids, but the gas vorticity field is discretized by vortex elements. The behavior of the vortex element and the particle motion are simultaneously calculated by using the Lagrangian approach. Eight cubic cells are locally allocated around each particle to compute the effect of the particle motion on the gas flow. In each cell, the change in the vorticity due to the particle is calculated, and it is considered by generating a vortex element… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Impact of Ink-Jet Droplets on a Paper-Like Structure

    M. Do-Quang1, A. Carlson1, G. Amberg1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.4, pp. 389-402, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.389
    Abstract Inkjet technology has been recognized as one of the most successful and promising micro-system technologies. The wide application areas of printer heads and the increasing demand of high quality prints are making ink consumption and print see-through important topics in the inkjet technology. In the present study we investigate numerically the impact of ink droplets onto a porous material that mimics the paper structure. The mathematical framework is based on a free energy formulation, coupling the Cahn-Hilliard and Navier Stokes equations, for the modelling of the two-phase flow. The case studied here consists of a multiphase flow of air-liquid along… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dispersion of Fish Eggs under Undular and Breaking Tidal Bores

    H. Chanson1, K.K. Tan2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.4, pp. 403-418, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.403
    Abstract A tidal bore is a wall of water propagating upstream as the tidal flow turns to rising into an estuary with a tidal range larger than 5 to 6 m and the bathymetry that amplifies the tidal wave. The bore front is a shock characterised by a singularity of the free-surface and pressure and velocity fields. This study aims to characterise the impact of tidal bores on the turbulent dispersion of fish eggs. Some physical modelling was performed based upon a Froude similitude and the tracking of plastic beads acting as fish egg proxies was conducted under controlled flow conditions… More >

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