Home / Journals / FDMP / Vol.2, No.2, 2006
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Scalings for Droplet Sizes in Shear-Driven Breakup: Non-Microfluidic Ways to Monodisperse Emulsions

    V. Cristini1, Y. Renardy2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 77-94, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.077
    Abstract We review studies of a drop of viscous liquid, suspended in another liquid, and undergoing breakup in an impulsively started shear flow. Stokes flow conditions as well as the effects of inertia are reported. They reveal a universal scaling for the fragments, which allows one to use sheared emulsions to produce monodispersity as an alternative to microfluidic devices. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of Layer Height on Thermal Buoyancy Convection in A System with Two Superposed Fluids Confined in A Parallelepipedic Cavity

    Sunil Punjabi1, K. Muralidhar2, P. K. Panigrahi2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 95-106, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.095
    Abstract Convection in a differentially heated two-layer system consisting of air and water was studied experimentally, using laser-interferometry. The cavity used for flow visualization was square in cross-section and rectangular in-plan having dimensions of 447 × 32 × 32 mm3. Experiments performed over different layer thicknesses of water filled in a square cross-section cavity, the rest being air, are reported in the present work. The following temperature differences for each layer height were imposed across the hot and the cold walls of the superposed fluid layers: (i) ΔT=10K and (ii)ΔT =18 K. The present study was aimed at understanding the following… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Pendulum Thermal Vibrational Convection in a Liquid Layer with Internal Heat Generation

    V.G. Kozlov1, N.V. Selin2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 107-118, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.107
    Abstract Thermal vibrational convection in a sector of a thin spherical liquid layer subjected to pendulum vibrations (spherical pendulum) is investigated theoretically and experimentally. Temperature non-uniformity inside the liquid is caused by uniformly distributed internal heat sources (one side of the layer is isothermal, the other one is adiabatic). Experiments are carried out under conditions of stable temperature stratification in the gravity field. Heat transfer and convective structure are investigated in a wide interval of governing dimensionless parameters. A critical increase of heat transfer is revealed as the vibrations intensity is increased, caused by average convection. It is shown that thermal… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Electromagnetic Stirring in Crystal Growth Processes

    Nancy Ma1, John S. Walker2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 119-126, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.119
    Abstract For semiconductor crystal growth from a melt, stirring due to the interaction of a steady electric current and a steady magnetic field can lead to a more uniform distribution of the additives in the crystal. This paper treats the electromagnetic stirring in a cylinder with a weak uniform axial magnetic field and with an electric current between an electrode in the center of the top of the cylinder and an electrode at the vertical wall of the cylinder. The magnitude and distribution of the stirring are studied as functions of the aspect ratio of the cylinder and of the strength… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Three-Dimensional Modeling of the Effects of Misalignment on the Growth of Ge1-xSix by The Traveling Solvent Method

    M. Sohail1, M. Z. Saghir1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 127-140, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.127
    Abstract A numerical simulation study is carried out for the crystal growth of Ge1-xSixby the Traveling Heater Method (THM). The effects of a geometrical misalignment on the crystal growth are investigated. The full Navier-Stokes equations together with the energy, mass transport and continuity equations are solved numerically using the finite element technique. The application of a misalignment is shown to have a considerable effect on the buoyancy induced flow. An optimal misalignment is determined, that weakens the convective flow, provides a uniform concentration along the growth interface and gives symmetrical characteristics to the three-dimensional buoyancy induced flow. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Biological Tissue Growth in a Double-Scaffold Configuration

    Marcello Lappa1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 141-152, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.141
    Abstract Numerical simulations and computer-graphics animation can be used as useful tools to discern the physicochemical environmental factors affecting the surface kinetics of growing biological tissues as well as their relative importance in determining growth. A mathematical formalism for such kinetics is proposed through parametric investigation and validated through focused comparison with experimental results. The study relies on the application of a CFD moving boundary (Volume of Fluid) method specially conceived for the simulation of these problems. In the second part of the analysis the case of two samples hydrodynamically interacting in a rotating bioreactor is considered. The interplay between two… More >

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