Home / Journals / FDMP / Vol.2, No.4, 2006
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Molten-Alloy Driven Self-Assembly for Nano and Micro Scale System Integration

    Ehsan Saeedi1, Shaghayegh Abbasi1, Karl F. B ¨ohringer1, Babak A. Parviz1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 221-246, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.221
    Abstract Self-assembly is emerging as one of the main methods for construction of heterogeneous systems consisting of multiple component types in nano- and micro-scales. The engineered self-assembly used for system integration involves preparation of parts that can recognize and bind to each other or a template, and perfection of procedures that allow for high yield self-assembly of these parts into a system. Capillary forces resultant from molten alloys are attractive candidates for driving such self-assembly processes as they can simultaneously provide electrical and mechanical connections. The basic self-assembly process is reviewed here. Selection of the appropriate alloy, a critical issue in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling of Dendritic Growth in Alloy Solidification with Melt Convection

    C.P. Hong1, M.F. Zhu2, S.Y. Lee1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 247-260, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.247
    Abstract In typical solidification processes the flow of molten metal is usually regarded as an unavoidable phenomenon potentially affecting the morphology of dendritic growth. Fundamental understanding of such flow is thus important for predicting and controlling solidification microstructures. This paper presents numerical simulations on the evolution of dendritic microstructures with melt convection. A two-dimensional modified cellular automaton (MCA) coupled with a transport model is developed to simulate solidification of binary and ternary alloys in the presence of fluid flow. This model takes into account the effects of the constitutional undercooling and curvature undercooling on the equilibrium interface temperature. It also considers… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Numerical Study of Controlling The G-Jitter Induced Convection in The Solution of A Crystal Growth Crucible under Microgravity

    Y. Okano1, A. Ishii1, H. Miyashita1, H. Minakuchi1, S. Dost2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 261-270, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.261
    Abstract The article presents the results of a numerical simulation study that was carried out to examine the effect of g-jitter on the flow and concentration structures observed in the solution of a growth crucible under microgravity conditions. The simulation model considers a simple crucible of electroepitaxy, and assumes crucible rotation and applied axial static magnetic fields to control and minimize the effect of g-jitter induced flow oscillations. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Permeability and Thermodiffusion Effect in a Porous Cavity Filled with Hydrocarbon Fluid Mixtures

    T. J Jaber1, M. Khawaja1, M.Z. Saghir1
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 271-286, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.271
    Abstract This paper numerically investigates the interaction between thermodiffuion and buoyancy driven convection in a laterally heated vertical porous cavity for different permeability. The Firoozabadi model is applied to binary hydrocarbon mixtures: (i) the mixture of 1,2,3,4 tetrahydronaphtalene (THN) and dodecane (C12) with mass fraction of 50% for each component, (ii) 1,2,3,4 tetrahydronaphtalene and isobutylbenzene (IBB) with mass fraction of 50% for each component, and (iii) isobutylbenzene and dodecane with mass fraction of 50% for each component. The thermal and molecular diffusion coefficients, which are functions of the temperature and other properties of mixture, are calculated at each point of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Influence of Flow Pressure Gradient on Interfacial Wave Properties in Annular Two-Phase Flow at Microgravity and Normal Gravity Conditions

    Huawei Han1, Kamiel S. Gabriel2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 287-298, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.287
    Abstract Data on air-water co-current two-phase annular flow in a tube with an inner diameter of 9.525 mm (3/8 in) were previously collected at both microgravity u-g and normal gravity (1-g) conditions. The data contained measurements of pressure drop, in addition to previously published data of liquid film thickness. This paper presents the results and analysis of the influence of flow pressure gradient on interfacial wave properties of annular flow at both microgravity and normal gravity. The examined wave properties include wave base thickness, wave height (or roughness height), wave spacing, wave speed and wave frequency. It was found that, the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Simulation of Sloshing with the Volume of Fluid Method

    M.H. Djavareshkian1, M. Khalili2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 299-308, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.299
    Abstract This paper opens a new horizon on the simulation of sloshing phenomena. One of the most popular Finite Volume methods called VOF (Volume Of Fluid) method is used for tracking the flow in containers. The algorithm is tested for different fluid elevations, physical conditions in different road curves and liquid properties. The method is then validated against an analytical and another numerical solution. These comparisons show that the VOF can effectively solve the sloshing problem for different fluids and a variety of physical and geometrical conditions. More >

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