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Water Flow Characteristics and Related Effects in PEMFC

Mingge Wu1, Lei Wang1, Yixiang Wang1, Cheng Zhang1, Cheng Qiu1, 2, *

1 College of mechanical and electrical engineering, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, 325035, China.
2 Haitian Drive Systems Co., Ltd., Ningbo, 315800, China.

* Corresponding Author: Qiu Cheng. Email: email.

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: EFD and Heat Transfer)

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2019, 15(4), 431-444.


Water management in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) is a topic of great importance for the optimization of these systems. Effective proton conductivity calls for moderate moisture content in the membrane, while uneven water distribution can lead to instability of the whole flow field, thereby decreasing the performance of the fuel cell. In the present study, a simplified two-tier hybrid structure is used to investigate the impact of the dynamic behavior of liquid water on the current density of the PEMFC. Simulation results show that water droplets attached to wall sides tend to increase current density. Visualization experiments confirm the existence of liquid droplets and the enhancement of current density, while indicating that the best performance and stability of fuel cell are attained for a cathode air flow rate of 300 ml/min.


Cite This Article

Wu, M., Wang, L., Wang, Y., Zhang, C., Qiu, C. (2019). Water Flow Characteristics and Related Effects in PEMFC. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 15(4), 431–444.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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