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Thermomechanical Characterization of a Bio-Sourced Material Based on Clay and Alfa Fibers

Sara Ibn-Elhaj1,*, Yassine Elhamdouni1, Soumia Mounir1,2, Abdelhamid Khabbazi1

1 EMDD_CERNE2D, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Higher School of Technology Salé, Salé, 11060, Morocco
2 National School of Architecture Agadir, New Complex Ibn Zohr, Agadir, 80000, Morocco

* Corresponding Author: Sara Ibn-Elhaj. Email:

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Materials and Energy an Updated Image for 2021)

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2022, 18(6), 1853-1863.


Bio-based materials are of great interest owing to their abundance and the immense potential they display as an ideal alternative to widely used industrial construction materials (that directly and indirectly harm the environment). In this scope, an in-depth experimental study is presented here on clay-based materials aimed to enhance their properties through the addition of other bio-based components such as fibers, in the present case alfa fiber. The thermal conductivity and mechanical properties (compressive and flexural tensile strengths) of the composite clay-alfa material are analyzed with the percentage of alfa fiber in the matrix ranging from 0% to 4%. It is concluded that a percentage of alfa fibers between 1% and 2% is the most effective to get the required optimization of thermal and mechanical behavior of this bio-based material.


Cite This Article

Ibn-Elhaj, S., Elhamdouni, Y., Mounir, S., Khabbazi, A. (2022). Thermomechanical Characterization of a Bio-Sourced Material Based on Clay and Alfa Fibers. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 18(6), 1853–1863.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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