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Elaboration of a Road Material Based on Clayey Soil and Crushed Sand

H. G. R. Sekloka1,2,*, C. P. Yabi2,3, R. Cloots1, M. Gibigaye2

1 Group of Research in Energy and Environment from Materials (GREENMAT), Liège, Belgium
2 Laboratory of Energetics and Applied Mechanics (LEMA), Cotonou, Benin
3Laboratory of Tests and Studies in Civil Engineering (L2EGC), Abomey, Benin

* Corresponding Author: H. G. R. Sekloka. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Materials and Energy an Updated Image for 2021)

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2022, 18(6), 1595-1605.


To contribute to the enhancement of unconventional local materials used for road construction, this study characterizes a crushed sand 0/5, a clayey soil and the litho-stabilized material without and with hydraulic binder and determines their use in accordance with some reference specifications (CEBTP 1984). It is shown that the different components are not usable alone in pavement base. Indeed, the plasticity index obtained for the clayey soil is 21%, a value higher than the imposed standards. In addition, the grading of the 0/5 crushed sand does not fit into the range proposed by CEBTP. A combination of these two (02) components is therefore considered to obtain a suitable material usable for the sub-base. This new material does not enter any class of the CEBTP lateritic soils. In order to be used in base layer, a treatment with hydraulic binder is carried out with the intention to improve its mechanical performances. The optimal dosage of hydraulic binder to achieve the desired mechanical performance is obtained by studying the evolution of the mechanical characteristics of the mixture. After this treatment, the Bearing Ratio index of the mix increases from 37 to 223 for the optimal dosage and the dry compaction density decreases from 2.11 to 2.06 g/cm3 while the optimal water content increases from 9% to 10.1%.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Sekloka, H.G.R., Yabi, C.P., Cloots, R., Gibigaye, M. (2022). Elaboration of a road material based on clayey soil and crushed sand. Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 18(6), 1595-1605.
Vancouver Style
Sekloka HGR, Yabi CP, Cloots R, Gibigaye M. Elaboration of a road material based on clayey soil and crushed sand. Fluid Dyn Mater Proc. 2022;18(6):1595-1605
IEEE Style
H.G.R. Sekloka, C.P. Yabi, R. Cloots, and M. Gibigaye "Elaboration of a Road Material Based on Clayey Soil and Crushed Sand," Fluid Dyn. Mater. Proc., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 1595-1605. 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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