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A Comprehensive Method for the Optimization of Cement Slurry and to Avoid Air Channeling in High Temperature and High-Pressure Conditions

Yanjun Li1, Wandong Zhang1, Jiang Wu1, Yuhao Yang1, Chao Zhang1, Huanqiang Yang2,*
1 Zhanjiang Branch of CNOOC (China) Co., Ltd., Zhanjiang, 524000, China
2 College of Petroleum Engineering, Yangtze University, Wuhan, 430100, China
* Corresponding Author: Huanqiang Yang. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Meshless, Mesh-Based and Mesh-Reduction Methods Based Analysis of Fluid Flow in Porous Media)

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2023, 19(5), 1237-1248. https://doi.org/10.32604/fdmp.2022.023147

Received 12 April 2022; Accepted 30 June 2022; Issue published 30 November 2022

Abstract

Air channeling in the annulus between the casing and the cement sheath and/or between the cement sheath and formation is the main factor affecting the safe operation of natural gas wells at high temperatures and pressures. Prevention of this problem requires, in general, excellent anti-channeling performances of the cement sheath. Three methods to predict such anti-channeling performances are proposed here, which use the weightless pressure of cement slurry, the permeability of cement stone and the volume expansion rate of cement sheath as input parameters. Guided by this approach, the anti-channeling performances of the cement slurry are evaluated by means of indoor experiments, and the cement slurry is optimized accordingly. The results show that the dangerous transition time of the cement slurry with optimized dosage of admixture is only 76 min, the permeability of cement stone is 0.005 md, the volume shrinkage at final setting is only 0.72%, and the anti-channeling performances are therefore maximized. The effective utilization of the optimized cement slurry in some representative wells (LD10–1-A1 and LD10–1-A2 in LD10–1 gas field) is also discussed.

Keywords

High temperature and high pressure; cement slurry; anti-channeling; weightlessness pressure; permeability; volume shrinkage

Cite This Article

Li, Y., Zhang, W., Wu, J., Yang, Y., Zhang, C. et al. (2023). A Comprehensive Method for the Optimization of Cement Slurry and to Avoid Air Channeling in High Temperature and High-Pressure Conditions. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 19(5), 1237–1248.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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