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Flow Regimes in Bubble Columns with and without Internals: A Review

Ayat N. Mahmood1, Amer A. Abdulrahman1, Laith S. Sabri1,*, Abbas J. Sultan1, Hasan Shakir Majdi2, Muthanna H. Al-Dahhan3

1 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Chemical and Petroleum Industries Engineering Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iraq
3 Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, USA

* Corresponding Author: Laith S. Sabri. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Recent advancements in thermal fluid flow applications)

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2024, 20(2), 239-256.


Hydrodynamics characterization in terms of flow regime behavior is a crucial task to enhance the design of bubble column reactors and scaling up related methodologies. This review presents recent studies on the typical flow regimes established in bubble columns. Some effort is also provided to introduce relevant definitions pertaining to this field, namely, that of “void fraction” and related (local, chordal, cross-sectional and volumetric) variants. Experimental studies involving different parameters that affect design and operating conditions are also discussed in detail. In the second part of the review, the attention is shifted to cases with internals of various types (perforated plates, baffles, vibrating helical springs, mixers, and heat exchanger tubes) immersed in the bubble columns. It is shown that the presence of these elements has a limited influence on the global column hydrodynamics. However, they can make the homogeneous flow regime more stable in terms of transition gas velocity and transition holdup value. The last section is used to highlight gaps which have not been filled yet and future directions of investigation.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Mahmood, A.N., Abdulrahman, A.A., Sabri, L.S., Sultan, A.J., Majdi, H.S. et al. (2024). Flow regimes in bubble columns with and without internals: A review. Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 20(2), 239-256.
Vancouver Style
Mahmood AN, Abdulrahman AA, Sabri LS, Sultan AJ, Majdi HS, Al-Dahhan MH. Flow regimes in bubble columns with and without internals: A review. Fluid Dyn Mater Proc. 2024;20(2):239-256
IEEE Style
A.N. Mahmood, A.A. Abdulrahman, L.S. Sabri, A.J. Sultan, H.S. Majdi, and M.H. Al-Dahhan "Flow Regimes in Bubble Columns with and without Internals: A Review," Fluid Dyn. Mater. Proc., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 239-256. 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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