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The Influence of Annealing in Nitrogen Atmosphere on the Electrical, Optical and Structural Properties of Spray-Deposited ZnO Thin Films

Shadia J Ikhmayies1, Naseem M. Abu El-Haija2, Riyad N. Ahmad-Bitar3
Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Jordan, Amman-Jordan. E-mail: shadia_ikhmayies@yahoo.com
Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Jordan, Amman-Jordan.
Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Jordan, Amman-Jordan.

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2010, 6(2), 219-232. https://doi.org/10.3970/fdmp.2010.006.219

Abstract

Large area and highly uniform polycrystalline ZnO thin films have been produced by a spray pyrolysis (SP) technique resorting to a customized system (spraying) on glass substrates at temperature Ts= 450℃. This study deals with the related investigation about the influence of heat treatment (in nitrogen atmosphere) on the resulting properties (electrical, optical and structural) of such films. Properties are analyzed by means of I-V plots, transmittance curves, X-Ray diffractograms (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) micrographs. Results show that the resistivity of the films decreases from about 200W.cm for the as-deposited films to about 95W.cm for annealed films. XRD diffractograms reveal that the films are polycrystalline with a hexagonal wurtzite structure. The preferential orientation (002) does not change with annealing, but some very weak lines appear, as witnessed by the XRD patterns. According to such patterns and SEM images there is no noticeable increase in the grain size. The transmittance of the films increases as a result of annealing beside a slight increase in the bandgap energy. From the analysis of the Urbach tail at the absorption edge, the width of the tail of localized states Eeis 1.084 eV for the as-deposited film and 1.126 eV for the annealed film. The large values of Eedepend on localized states resulting from oxygen defects that increase with annealing.

Keywords

Spray pyrolysis, annealing, ZnO thin films, solar cells, Urbach tail.

Cite This Article

Ikhmayies, S. J., M., N., Ahmad-Bitar, R. N. (2010). The Influence of Annealing in Nitrogen Atmosphere on the Electrical, Optical and Structural Properties of Spray-Deposited ZnO Thin Films. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 6(2), 219–232.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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