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Numerical Investigations of Laminar Air Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics in a Square Channel Inserted with Discrete X-V Baffles (XVB)

Amnart Boonloi1, Withada Jedsadaratanachai2,*

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, College of Industrial Technology, King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok, Bangkok, 10800, Thailand
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, 10520, Thailand

* Corresponding Author: Withada Jedsadaratanachai. Email: email

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer 2023, 21, 317-336. https://doi.org/10.32604/fhmt.2023.044929

Abstract

Thermal performance enhancement in a square channel heat exchanger (HX) using a passive technique is presented. Vortex turbulator insertion in a square channel HX as a passive technique is selected for thermal improvement. The vortex turbulator of interest is discrete X-V baffles (XVB). The discrete XVBs are inserted in the square channel with the main aim of generating vortex flow. The vortex flow generated can support the enhanced convective heat transfer coefficient and also enhance HX performance. Effects of baffle configuration (type A and B), baffle size (w/H = 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20), baffle distance (e/H = 1, 1.5 and 2) and flow direction (±x air flow paths) on fluid flow and thermal topologies are numerically investigated by using a commercial code. As shown by the numerical results, the predicted flow configuration with the discrete XVB insertions, which include impinging and vortex streams, is found through the HX channel. The perturbing thermal boundary layer and greater air blending are also found through the HX channel inserted with the discrete XVB. These mechanisms promote and augment the convection heat transfer coefficient, heat transfer rate and rise thermal potentiality. The maximum Nusselt number of the channel with the baffles inserted is 11.01 times upper than that of the smooth channel, while the greatest thermal performance factor (TPF) is observed to be around 3.45.

Graphical Abstract

Numerical Investigations of Laminar Air Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics in a Square Channel Inserted with Discrete X-V Baffles (XVB)

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Cite This Article

Boonloi, A., Jedsadaratanachai, W. (2023). Numerical Investigations of Laminar Air Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics in a Square Channel Inserted with Discrete X-V Baffles (XVB). Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, 21(1), 317–336.



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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