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Keunhan Parka,∗, Zhuomin Zhangb

a Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Systems Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
b G.W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0405, USA

* Corresponding Author: Email: email

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer 2013, 4(1), 1-26.


This article reviews the recent advances in near-field radiative energy transfer, particularly in its fundamentals and applications. When the geometrical features of radiating objects or their separating distances fall into the sub-wavelength range, near-field phenomena such as photon tunneling and surface polaritons begin to play a key role in energy transfer. The resulting heat transfer rate can greatly exceed the blackbody radiation limit by several orders magnitude. This astonishing feature cannot be conveyed by the conventional theory of thermal radiation, generating strong demands in fundamental research that can address thermal radiation in the near field. Important breakthroughs of near-field thermal radiation are presented here, covering from the essential physics that will help better understand the basics of near-field thermal radiation to the most recent theoretical as well as experimental findings that will further promote the fundamental understanding. Applications of near-field thermal radiation in various fields are also discussed, including the radiative property manipulation, near-field thermophotovoltaics, nanoinstrumentation and nanomanufacturing, and thermal rectification.


Cite This Article

Park, K., Zhang, Z. (2013). FUNDAMENTALS AND APPLICATIONS OF NEAR-FIELD RADIATIVE ENERGY TRANSFER. Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, 4(1), 1–26.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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