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THE EFFECTS OF THERMAL RADIATION AND NON-UNIFORM HEAT SOURCE/SINK ON STRETCHING SHEET EMBEDDED IN NON-DARCIAN POROUS MEDIUM

Wubshet Ibrahima,∗, Bandari Shankarb

a Department of Mathematics, Ambo University, Ambo, P.O.Box 19, Ambo, Ethiopia
b Department of Mathematics, Osmania University, Hyderabad 7, Telengana, India

* Corresponding Author: Email: email

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer 2016, 7, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.5098/hmt.7.37

Abstract

The Numerical analysis of magneto-hydrodynamics (MHD) boundary layer flow and heat transfer of incompressible, viscous and electrically conducting fluid is presented. The flow is due to continuously stretching permeable surface embedded in non-Darcian porous medium in the presence of transverse magnetic field, thermal radiation and non-uniform heat source/sink. The flow equations in the porous medium are governed by ForchheimerBrinkman extended Darcy model. A similarity transformation is used to transform partial differential equations into a coupled higher order non-linear ordinary differential equations. These equations are solved numerically using implicit finite difference scheme called Keller-Box method. The effects of the governing parameters on velocity and temperature are computed, analyzed and discussed. Moreover, the numerical results for the local skin friction coefficient and local Nusselt number are computed for various physical parameters governing the flow problem. It is found that increasing Darcy number accelerates the flow but increasing Forchhiemer number causes deceleration in the flow. The findings of the present study reveal that an increase in the radiation, heat source and Forchheimer number increases the thermal boundary layer thickness. The results under the limiting case were compared with the previously published work and found to be in good agreement.

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Cite This Article

Ibrahim, W., Shankar, B. (2016). THE EFFECTS OF THERMAL RADIATION AND NON-UNIFORM HEAT SOURCE/SINK ON STRETCHING SHEET EMBEDDED IN NON-DARCIAN POROUS MEDIUM. Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, 7(1), 1–8.



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