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# MATHEMATICAL STUDY OF NON-NEWTONIAN NANOFLUID TRANSPORT PHENOMENA FROM AN ISOTHERMAL SPHERE

CH. Amanullaa,b , N. Nagendraa,1 , M. Surya Narayana Reddyb , A. Subba Raoa , O. Anwar Bégc

a Department of Mathematics, Madanapalle Institute of Technology and Science, Madanapalle-517325, A. P, India.
b Department of Mathematics, JNTUA College of Engineering, Pulivendula-516390, A. P, India.
c Fluid Mechanics, Nanosystems and Propulsion, Aeronautical and Mechanical Engineering, School of Computing, Science and Engineering, Newton Building, University of Salford, Manchester M54WT, United Kingdom.
1 Corresponding author. Email: nagsvu76@gmail.com

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer 2017, 8, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.5098/hmt.8.29

## Abstract

In this article, the heat, momentum and mass (species) transfer in external boundary layer flow of Casson nanofluid from an isothermal sphere surface is studied theoretically. The effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis are incorporated in the model in the presence of both heat and nanoparticle mass transfer. The governing partial differential equations (PDEs) are transformed into highly nonlinear, coupled, multi-degree non-similar partial differential equations consisting of the momentum, energy and concentration equations via appropriate non-similarity transformations. These transformed conservation equations are solved subject to appropriate boundary conditions with a second order accurate finite difference method of the implicit type. The influences of the emerging parameters i.e. Casson fluid parameter (β), Buoyancy ratio parameter (N), Brownian motion parameter (Nb) and thermophoresis parameter (Nt), Lewis number (Le) and Prandtl number (Pr) on velocity, temperature and nano-particle concentration distributions are illustrated graphically and interpreted at length. Validation of solutions with a Nakamura tridiagonal method has been included.

## Keywords

APA Style
Amanulla , C., Nagendra , N., Reddy , M.S.N., Rao , A.S., Bég, O.A. (2017). MATHEMATICAL STUDY OF NON-NEWTONIAN NANOFLUID TRANSPORT PHENOMENA FROM AN ISOTHERMAL SPHERE. Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, 8(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.5098/hmt.8.29
Vancouver Style
Amanulla C, Nagendra N, Reddy MSN, Rao AS, Bég OA. MATHEMATICAL STUDY OF NON-NEWTONIAN NANOFLUID TRANSPORT PHENOMENA FROM AN ISOTHERMAL SPHERE. Front Heat Mass Transf. 2017;8(1):1-13 https://doi.org/10.5098/hmt.8.29
IEEE Style
C. Amanulla , N. Nagendra , M.S.N. Reddy , A.S. Rao , and O.A. Bég "MATHEMATICAL STUDY OF NON-NEWTONIAN NANOFLUID TRANSPORT PHENOMENA FROM AN ISOTHERMAL SPHERE," Front. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1-13. 2017. https://doi.org/10.5098/hmt.8.29

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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