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The Impact of Hydrogen Energy Storage on the Electricity Harvesting

Ghassan Mousa1, Ayman A. Aly2, Imran Khan3, Dag Øivind Madsen4,*

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, K.C.KARE Energy Research and Innovation Centre, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Taif University, P. O. Box 11099, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology Peshawar, Pakistan
4 University of South-Eastern Norway, Bredalsveien 14, 3511 Hønefoss, Norway

* Corresponding Author: Dag Øivind Madsen. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2023, 36(2), 1963-1978.


The economics, infrastructure, transportation, and level of living of a country are all influenced by energy. The gap between energy usage and availability is a global issue. Currently, all countries rely on fossil fuels for energy generation, and these fossil fuels are not sustainable. The hydrogen proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) power system is both clean and efficient. The fuel delivery system and the PEMFC make up the majority of the PEMFC power system. The lack of an efficient, safe, and cost-effective hydrogen storage system is still a major barrier to its widespread use. Solid hydrogen storage has the large capacity, safety and good reversibility. As a hydrogen source system, the hydrogen supply characteristics affect the characteristics of the PEMFC at the output. In this paper, a mathematical model of a hydrogen source reactor and PEMFC based on chemical absorption/desorption of solid hydrogen storage is established, and a simulation model of a PEMFC power system coupled with solid hydrogen storage is established using MATLAB/SIMULINK software, and the hydrogen supply of the reactor is analyzed in detail. The influence of prominent factors is evaluated. The research results show that the proposed method improved the system performance. At the same time, increasing the PEMFC temperature, increasing the area of the proton exchange membrane and the oxygen supply pressure can increase the output power of the power system.


Cite This Article

G. Mousa, A. A. Aly, I. Khan and D. . Madsen, "The impact of hydrogen energy storage on the electricity harvesting," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 36, no.2, pp. 1963–1978, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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