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Mechanisms Influencing Learning Gains Under Information Security: Structural Equation Modeling with Mediating Effect

Teng Zong1,2,*, Fengsi Wang3, Xin Wei2, Yibo Liu1

1 National University of Defense Technology, Wuhan, 430000, China
2 Information Engineering University, Zhengzhou, 450000, China
3 Henan University, Zhengzhou, 450000, China

* Corresponding Author: Teng Zong. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2023, 36(3), 3447-3468.


With the expanding enrollments in higher education, the quality of college education and the learning gains of students have attracted much attention. It is important to study the influencing factors and mechanisms of individual students’ acquisition of learning gains to improve the quality of talent cultivation in colleges. However, in the context of information security, the original data of learning situation surveys in various universities involve the security of educational evaluation data and daily privacy of teachers and students. To protect the original data, data feature mining and correlation analyses were performed at the model level. This study selected 12,181 pieces of data from X University, which participated in the Chinese College Student Survey (CCSS) from 2018 to 2021. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted and a structural equation modeling was conducted using AMOS 24.0. Through hypothesis testing, this study explored the mechanisms that influence learning gains from the perspectives of student involvement, teacher involvement, and school support. The results indicated that the quality of student involvement has an important mediating effect on learning gains and that a supportive campus environment has the greatest influence on learning gains. Establishing positive emotional communications between teachers and students is a more direct and effective method than improving the teaching level to improve the quality of student involvement. This study discusses the implications of these results on the research and practice of connotative development in higher education.


Cite This Article

T. Zong, F. Wang, X. Wei and Y. Liu, "Mechanisms influencing learning gains under information security: structural equation modeling with mediating effect," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 36, no.3, pp. 3447–3468, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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