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IOT Based Smart Parking System Using Ensemble Learning

Walaa H. Elashmawi1,3, Ahmad Akram2, Mohammed Yasser2, Menna Hisham2, Manar Mohammed2, Noha Ihab2, Ahmed Ali4,5,*

1 Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computers and Informatics, Suez Canal University, 4.5 Km the Ring Road, Ismailia, Ismailia, 41522, Egypt
2 Department of Computer Engineering and Software Systems, Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University, Al-Abbaseya, 4543070, Egypt
3 Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computer Science, Misr International University, 28 KM Cairo–Ismailia Road, Cairo, 44971, Egypt
4 College of Computer Engineering and Sciences, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, 11942, Saudi Arabia
5 Higher Future Institute for Specialized Technological Studies, Cairo, 3044, Egypt

* Corresponding Author: Ahmed Ali. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2023, 36(3), 3637-3656.


Parking space is usually very limited in major cities, especially Cairo, leading to traffic congestion, air pollution, and driver frustration. Existing car parking systems tend to tackle parking issues in a non-digitized manner. These systems require the drivers to search for an empty parking space with no guarantee of finding any wasting time, resources, and causing unnecessary congestion. To address these issues, this paper proposes a digitized parking system with a proof-of-concept implementation that combines multiple technological concepts into one solution with the advantages of using IoT for real-time tracking of parking availability. User authentication and automated payments are handled using a quick response (QR) code on entry and exit. Some experiments were done on real data collected for six different locations in Cairo via a live popular times library. Several machine learning models were investigated in order to estimate the occupancy rate of certain places. Moreover, a clear analysis of the differences in performance is illustrated with the final model deployed being XGboost. It has achieved the most efficient results with a score of 85.7%.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Elashmawi, W.H., Akram, A., Yasser, M., Hisham, M., Mohammed, M. et al. (2023). IOT based smart parking system using ensemble learning. Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, 36(3), 3637-3656.
Vancouver Style
Elashmawi WH, Akram A, Yasser M, Hisham M, Mohammed M, Ihab N, et al. IOT based smart parking system using ensemble learning. Intell Automat Soft Comput . 2023;36(3):3637-3656
IEEE Style
W.H. Elashmawi et al., "IOT Based Smart Parking System Using Ensemble Learning," Intell. Automat. Soft Comput. , vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 3637-3656. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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