Table of Content

Open Access iconOpen Access

ABSTRACT

Numerical simulation of fire and smoke transport for an old-style apartment fire

C.S. Lin, T.C. Chen, C.C. Yu ,M.E. Wu, Y.H. Tu1

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yuan Ze University, Taiwan 320, ROC

The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences 2010, 15(3), 103-110. https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2010.015.103

Abstract

Most old apartments in Taiwan lack fire prevention equipment, making fire awareness and escape difficult, as well as timely fire fighting, which leads to increased death tolls from fire incidents. This research utilizes Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) software to analyze and simulate the fire accident that occurred in a single old-style five-story apartment on Siu-Lang Road, Chung-Ho City. In this event, many occupant vehicles were parked at the front door of the apartment building or in nearby parking lanes. The fire engine can only drive in after vehicles were cleared from the fire area, a situation that delayed emergency fire rescue and resulted in the casualty (1 dead and 7 injured). The computer simulation calculates the distribution of temperature field and smoke field at the fire scene, and is in reasonable agreement with the post report provided by the fire department and media. This study also reestablishes the original fire scenario for fire identification, analyzing the room temperature changes and Carbon Monoxide (CO) concentration field of the primitive fire scene. The simulation results provide parameters that influence personal escape, and suggestions to avoid future unfortunate events.

Keywords


Cite This Article

APA Style
Lin, C., Chen, T., , C.Y., Wu, M., Tu, Y. (2010). Numerical simulation of fire and smoke transport for an old-style apartment fire. The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, 15(3), 103-110. https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2010.015.103
Vancouver Style
Lin C, Chen T, CY, Wu M, Tu Y. Numerical simulation of fire and smoke transport for an old-style apartment fire. Int Conf Comput Exp Eng Sciences . 2010;15(3):103-110 https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2010.015.103
IEEE Style
C. Lin, T. Chen, C.Y. , M. Wu, and Y. Tu "Numerical simulation of fire and smoke transport for an old-style apartment fire," Int. Conf. Comput. Exp. Eng. Sciences , vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 103-110. 2010. https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2010.015.103



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 882

    View

  • 659

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Related articles

Share Link