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Size Dependent Structures and Properties of Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-Based Ceramics for Piezoelectric Sensors

Pan Chen1,2,3, Baojin Chu1,*

1 CAS Key laboratory of materials for energy conversion and Department of materials science and engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, No. 96 Jinzhai Rd., Hefei, 230026, China
2 Henan International Joint Laboratory of Structural Mechanics and Computational Simulation, Huanghuai University, No. 76 Kaiyuan Rd., Zhumadian, 463000, China
3 College of Energy Engineering, Huanghuai University, No. 76 Kaiyuan Rd., Zhumadian, 463000, China

* Corresponding Author: Baojin Chu. Email: email

The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences 2023, 26(4), 1-1. https://doi.org/10.32604/icces.2023.09199

Abstract

Generally, film dielectric materials often exhibit size-dependent structure and electric properties. In this work, we demonstrate a similar behavior in bulk Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 (NBT)-based polycrystalline ceramics. According to the results from X-ray diffraction, the (Na0.5Bi0.5)0.92Ba0.08Ti0.99Mg0.01O2.99 (NBT8M1.0) ceramic showed a complex structure that consists of rhombohedral, tetragonal and cubic symmetries. We found, when decreasing the thickness of a ϕ 10 mm NBT8M1.0 ceramic from 1230 μm to 230 μm, the ceramic showed increased content of cubic symmetry (CC) from 28% to 56%. Meanwhile, the piezoelectric response (d33) increased from 107 pC/N to 134 pC/N and the depolarization temperature (Td) decreased from 170 ℃ to 142 ℃. Similarly, when decreasing the diameter of a 1 mm thick NBT8M1.0 ceramic from ϕ 22 mm to ϕ 6 mm, the ceramic showed increased CC from 18% to 44%. Meanwhile, the d33 increased from 125 pC/N to 135 pC/N and the Td decreased from 165 ℃ to 156 ℃. The origin of size-dependent structure and properties in macroscopic size range of NBT8M1.0 ceramics were further studied by investigating the difference of the size-dependence between the ceramics sintered from green bodies prepared by uniaxial pressing and isostatic pressing. The results demonstrated that the size-dependent structure and properties of NBT-based polycrystalline ceramics are closely related to the residual stress from the inhomogeneous densification during sintering process, as a result of the inhomogeneous density distribution in the pressed green body.

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APA Style
Chen, P., Chu, B. (2023). Size dependent structures and properties of na0.5bi0.5tio3-based ceramics for piezoelectric sensors. The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, 26(4), 1-1. https://doi.org/10.32604/icces.2023.09199
Vancouver Style
Chen P, Chu B. Size dependent structures and properties of na0.5bi0.5tio3-based ceramics for piezoelectric sensors. Int Conf Comput Exp Eng Sciences . 2023;26(4):1-1 https://doi.org/10.32604/icces.2023.09199
IEEE Style
P. Chen and B. Chu, "Size Dependent Structures and Properties of Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-Based Ceramics for Piezoelectric Sensors," Int. Conf. Comput. Exp. Eng. Sciences , vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1-1. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/icces.2023.09199



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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