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Performance Enhancement of Bio-fouling Resistant Cellulose triacetate-based Osmosis Membranes using Functionalized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube & Graphene Oxide

A.K. GHOSH1, RUTUJA S. BHOJE2, R.C. BINDAL1

1 Membrane Development Section, Chemical Engineering Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai – 400 085, India.
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Chemical Technology, Nathalal Parekh Marg, Matunga, Mumbai - 400019, India.

* Corresponding Author: e-mail: email

Journal of Polymer Materials 2020, 37(1-2), 109-120. https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2020.37.1-2.8

Abstract

In this study, cellulose triacetate (CTA) based nanocomposite membranes were developed by incorporation of carboxylic acid functionalized multiwalled carbon-nanotube (cMWCNT) and graphene oxide (GO) which have enhancement of both flux and fouling resistance properties of the membranes. Membranes were casted at room temperature and annealed at 90o C hot water for 10 minutes. The incorporation level of both the nanomaterials is 1.5% of the CTA polymer weight in the nanocomposite membranes. Prepared membranes were characterized in terms of water contact angle, surface morphology and mechanical strength. The performance of the membranes was evaluated both in reverse osmosis (RO) and forward osmosis (FO) mode. The water flux is observed to increase by ~43% in CTA-cMWCNT and ~69% in CTA-GO membranes than the pure CTA membranes in RO mode (2000ppm NaCl feed at 1551kPa applied pressure) but it is ~41% and ~86% in FO mode (DI water as feed & 1.0 molar NaCl as draw solution) for CTA-cMWCNT and CTA-GO membranes respectively. Nanocomposite membranes containing functionalized CNT & GO were found more biofouling resistant property. The flux recovery is ~62% in pure CTA membrane, whereas it is ~73% for CTA-cMWCNT and ~82% for CTA-GO membranes.

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APA Style
GHOSH, A., BHOJE, R.S., BINDAL, R. (2020). Performance enhancement of bio-fouling resistant cellulose triacetate-based osmosis membranes using functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotube & graphene oxide. Journal of Polymer Materials, 37(1-2), 109-120. https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2020.37.1-2.8
Vancouver Style
GHOSH A, BHOJE RS, BINDAL R. Performance enhancement of bio-fouling resistant cellulose triacetate-based osmosis membranes using functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotube & graphene oxide. J Polym Materials . 2020;37(1-2):109-120 https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2020.37.1-2.8
IEEE Style
A. GHOSH, R.S. BHOJE, and R. BINDAL "Performance Enhancement of Bio-fouling Resistant Cellulose triacetate-based Osmosis Membranes using Functionalized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube & Graphene Oxide," J. Polym. Materials , vol. 37, no. 1-2, pp. 109-120. 2020. https://doi.org/10.32381/JPM.2020.37.1-2.8



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