Vol.10, No.11, 2022, pp.2973-2987, doi:10.32604/jrm.2022.019620
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Damage and Deterioration Model of Basalt Fiber/Magnesium Oxychloride Composites Based on GM(1, 1)-Markov in the Salt Spray Corrosion Environment
  • Jianqiao Yu1,*, Hongxia Qiao1,2, Theogene Hakuzweyezu1, Feifei Zhu1
1 School of Civil Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, 730050, China
2 Western Ministry of Civil Engineering Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Engineering Research Center, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, 730050, China
* Corresponding Author: Jianqiao Yu. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Natural Fibre Composites: Design, Materials Selection and Fabrication)
Received 02 October 2021; Accepted 05 November 2021; Issue published 29 June 2022
Abstract
This study was designed to solve the problem of magnesium hazards due to potash extraction in the salt lake region. Using basalt fiber (BF) as the reinforcement material and magnesium oxychloride cement (MOC) as the gelling material, a BF/MOC composite material was prepared. Firstly, the effect of BF addition content on the basic mechanical properties of the composites was investigated. Then, through the salt spray corrosion test, the durability damage deterioration evaluation analysis was carried out from both macroscopic and microscopic aspects using mass change, relative dynamic modulus of elasticity (RDME) change, SEM analysis and FT-IR analysis. Finally, a GM(1, 1)-Markov model was established to predict the durability life of composite materials by using durability evaluation indicators. The results show that: when the BF content is 0.10% (by volumetric content), the composites have the best mechanical properties and resistance to salt spray corrosion. However, when the volume of BF content exceeds 0.10%, a large number of magnesium salt crystallization products are observed from the microscopic point of view, and the corrosion of the main strength phase of MOC is more serious. The prediction results of the GM(1, 1)-Markov model are highly identical with the raw data. In addition, using the change of RDME as a predictor, RDME is more sensitive to environmental factor compared to the change of mass. Predictions using the change of RDME as a threshold indicate that MOC-BF0.10 has the longest durability life, which is 836 days. The model is important to promote the application of MOC composites in the salt lake region and to promote the healthy development of green building materials.
Keywords
Basalt fiber; magnesium oxychloride cement; salt spray corrosion test; durability damage deterioration; GM(1; 1)- Markov model
Cite This Article
Yu, J., Qiao, H., Hakuzweyezu, T., Zhu, F. (2022). Damage and Deterioration Model of Basalt Fiber/Magnesium Oxychloride Composites Based on GM(1, 1)-Markov in the Salt Spray Corrosion Environment. Journal of Renewable Materials, 10(11), 2973–2987.
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