Open Access iconOpen Access


Self-Blowing Non-Isocyanate Polyurethane Foams Based on Hydrolysable Tannins

Elham Azadeh1, Xinyi Chen2, Antonio Pizzi2,*, Christine Gérardin1, Philip Gérardin1, Hisham Essawy3

1 Faculté des Sciences et Technologies, LERMAB, EA 4370-USC INRAE, University of Lorraine, Blvd des Aiguillettes, Nancy, 54506, France
2 LERMAB, EA 4370-USC INRAE, University of Lorraine, 27 rue Philippe Seguin, Epinal, 88000, France
3 Department of Polymers and Pigments, National Research Center, Cairo, 12622, Egypt

* Corresponding Author: Antonio Pizzi. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Renewable Foam Materials and Composites)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2022, 10(12), 3217-3227.


Non-isocyanate polyurethane (NIPU) foams using a hydrolysable tannin, also vulgarly called tannic acid, namely here commercial chestnut wood tannin extract was prepared. Compression strength did not appear to depend on the foam apparent density while the formulation composition of the NIPU foams has been shown to be more determinant. These NIPU foams appeared to be self-extinguishing once the high temperature flame is removed. The ignition time gave encouraging results but for improved fire resistance the foams may need some fire-retardant addition. FTIR spectrometry showed the formation of non-isocyanate urethane linkages. Thermogravimetric analysis indicated a good thermal resistance of these foams, with thermal degradation following four phases. First in the interval 25°C–120°C range, mainly evaporation of water occurs with a maximal loss of 10% weight. In the 150°C–450°C temperature range foams mass loss is of almost 70%. In particular in the 125°C–275°C range occurs the degradation of some small molecular weight substances. In the 500°C–790°C temperature range the foams do not present any further large degradation.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Azadeh, E., Chen, X., Pizzi, A., Gérardin, C., Gérardin, P. et al. (2022). Self-blowing non-isocyanate polyurethane foams based on hydrolysable tannins. Journal of Renewable Materials, 10(12), 3217-3227.
Vancouver Style
Azadeh E, Chen X, Pizzi A, Gérardin C, Gérardin P, Essawy H. Self-blowing non-isocyanate polyurethane foams based on hydrolysable tannins. J Renew Mater. 2022;10(12):3217-3227
IEEE Style
E. Azadeh, X. Chen, A. Pizzi, C. Gérardin, P. Gérardin, and H. Essawy "Self-Blowing Non-Isocyanate Polyurethane Foams Based on Hydrolysable Tannins," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 3217-3227. 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1638


  • 967


  • 0


Share Link