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Early-Age Properties Development of Recycled Glass Powder Blended Cement Paste: Strengths, Shrinkage, Nanoscale Characteristics, and Environmental Analysis

Zhihai He1,2, Menglu Shen1, Jinyan Shi3,*, Jingyu Chang1, Víctor Revilla-Cuesta4, Osman Gencel5
1 College of Civil Engineering, Shaoxing University, Shaoxing, 312000, China
2 Key Laboratory of Rock Mechanics and Geohazards of Zhejiang Province, Shaoxing, 312000, China
3 School of Civil Engineering, Central South University, Changsha, 410075, China
4 Department of Civil Engineering, Escuela Politécnica Superior, University of Burgos, c/Villadiego s/n, Burgos, 09001, Spain
5 Civil Engineering Department, Bartin University, Bartin, 74100, Turkey
* Corresponding Author: Jinyan Shi. Email:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(4), 1835-1852. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.024887

Received 12 June 2022; Accepted 15 July 2022; Issue published 01 December 2022

Abstract

Recycling solid waste in cement-based materials cannot only ease its load on the natural environment but also reduce the carbon emissions of building materials. This study aims to investigate the effect of recycled glass powder (RGP) on the early-age mechanical properties and autogenous shrinkage of cement pastes, where cement is replaced by 10%, 20% and 30% of RGP. In addition, the microstructure and nano-mechanical properties of cement paste with different RGP content and water to binder (W/B) ratio were also evaluated using SEM, MIP and nanoindentation techniques. The results indicate that the early-age autogenous shrinkage decreases with the increase of RGP content and W/B ratio. While the mechanical strength deteriorates due to the addition of RGP, it can be compensated by reducing the W/B ratio. Although the addition of RGP increases the total porosity of the hardened paste, it reduces the small size porosity (<50 nm). In addition, the proportions of different types of C-S-H are changed, and the volume fraction of porosity is increased, but that of hydration products of cement paste is reduced due to the incorporation of RGP. Besides its pozzolanic activity, the mitigated shrinkage deformation that RGP is generating in cement pastes is encouraging for its use as a novel supplementary cementitious material that reduces the early-age cracking risk of cement-based materials. Meanwhile, the life cycle assessments indicate that the RGP-cement component is an economical and eco-friendly novel engineering material.

Graphical Abstract

Early-Age Properties Development of Recycled Glass Powder Blended Cement Paste: Strengths, Shrinkage, Nanoscale Characteristics, and Environmental Analysis

Keywords

Cement paste; waste glass powder; autogenous shrinkage; microstructure; nanoindentation

Cite This Article

He, Z., Shen, M., Shi, J., Chang, J., Revilla-Cuesta, V. et al. (2023). Early-Age Properties Development of Recycled Glass Powder Blended Cement Paste: Strengths, Shrinkage, Nanoscale Characteristics, and Environmental Analysis. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(4), 1835–1852.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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