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Bond-Slip Behavior of Steel Bar and Recycled Steel Fibre-Reinforced Concrete

Ismail Shah1,2, Jing Li1,3,4,*, Nauman Khan5, Hamad R. Almujibah6, Muhammad Mudassar Rehman2, Ali Raza7, Yun Peng3,4

1 School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, 650000, China
2 Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China
3 Yunnan International Joint R&D Center of Smart Agriculture and Water Security, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, 650201, China
4 School of Water Conservancy, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, 650201, China
5 School of Civil Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang, 550025, China
6 Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif City, 21974, Saudi Arabia
7 School of Civil Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450001, China

* Corresponding Author: Jing Li. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in New Renewable Building Materials)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2024, 12(1), 167-186.


Recycled steel fiber reinforced concrete is an innovative construction material that offers exceptional mechanical properties and durability. It is considered a sustainable material due to its low carbon footprint and environmental friendly characteristics. This study examines the key influencing factors that affect the behavior of this material, such as the steel fiber volume ratio, recycled aggregate replacement rate, concrete strength grade, anchorage length, and stirrup constraint. The study investigates the bond failure morphology, bond-slip, and bond strength constitutive relationship of steel fiber recycled concrete. The results show that the addition of steel fibers at 0.5%, 1.0%, and 1.5% volume ratios can improve the ultimate bond strength of pull-out specimens by 9.05%, 6.94%, and 5.52%, respectively. The replacement rate of recycled aggregate has minimal effect on the typical bond strength of pull-out specimens. However, the ultimate bond strengths of pull-out specimens with concrete strength grades C45 and C60 have improved compared to those with C30 grade. The specimens with longer anchorage lengths exhibit lower ultimate bond strength, with a reduction of 33.19% and 46.37% for anchorage lengths of 5D and 7D, respectively, compared to those without stirrups. Stirrup restraint of 1 φ 8 and 2 φ 8 improves the ultimate bond strength by 5.29% and 6.90%, respectively. Steel fibers have a significant effect on the behavior of concrete after it cracks, especially during the stable expansion stage, crack instability expansion stage, and failure stage.


Cite This Article

Shah, I., Li, J., Khan, N., Almujibah, H. R., Rehman, M. M. et al. (2024). Bond-Slip Behavior of Steel Bar and Recycled Steel Fibre-Reinforced Concrete. Journal of Renewable Materials, 12(1), 167–186.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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