Open Access iconOpen Access

ARTICLE

crossmark

Activated Carbon from Nipa Palm Fronds (Nypa fruticans) with H3PO4 and KOH Activators as Fe Adsorbers

Ninis Hadi Haryanti1,*, Eka Suarso1, Tetti N. Manik1, Suryajaya1, Nurlita Sari1, Darminto2

1 Physics Study Program, FMIPA, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarbaru, 70714, Indonesia
2 Department of Physics, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia

* Corresponding Author: Ninis Hadi Haryanti. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Eco-Friendly Waste-Base Materials for Pollution Control Sustainable Technologies)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2024, 12(2), 203-214. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.043549

Abstract

Nipa palm is one of the non-wood plants rich in lignocellulosic content. In this study, palm fronds were converted into activated carbon, and their physical, chemical, and morphological properties were characterized. The resulting activated carbon was then applied as an adsorbent of Fe metal in peat water. The carbonization process was carried out for 60 min, followed by sintering at 400°C for 5 h with a particle size of 200 mesh. KOH and H3PO4 were used in the chemical activation process for 24 h. KOH-activated carbon contained 6.13% of moisture, 4.55% of ash, 17.02% of volatile matter, and 78.84% of fixed carbon, while its Fe reduction efficiency was 28.09%. The H3PO4-activated carbon contained 4.67% of moisture, 2.84% of ash, 16.41% of volatile matter, and 80.57% of bonded carbon, and the Fe reduction efficiency was 52.25%. KOH-activated carbon and H3PO4-activated carbon contained fixed carbon of 78.84% and 80.57%, respectively, while their average rates of efficiency of Fe reduction were 22.82% and 39.23%, respectively. Overall, the characteristics of activated nipa carbon met the Indonesian standards (SNI No. 06-3730-1995). However, H3PO4-activated carbon was found to be better at adsorbing Fe metal from peat water.

Graphical Abstract

Activated Carbon from Nipa Palm Fronds (<i>Nypa fruticans</i>) with H<sub>3</sub>PO<sub>4</sub> and KOH Activators as Fe Adsorbers

Keywords


Cite This Article

APA Style
Haryanti, N.H., Suarso, E., Manik, T.N., Suryajaya, , Sari, N. et al. (2024). Activated carbon from nipa palm fronds (<i>nypa fruticans</i>) with h<sub>3</sub>po<sub>4</sub> and KOH activators as fe adsorbers. Journal of Renewable Materials, 12(2), 203-214. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.043549
Vancouver Style
Haryanti NH, Suarso E, Manik TN, Suryajaya , Sari N, Darminto . Activated carbon from nipa palm fronds (<i>nypa fruticans</i>) with h<sub>3</sub>po<sub>4</sub> and KOH activators as fe adsorbers. J Renew Mater. 2024;12(2):203-214 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.043549
IEEE Style
N.H. Haryanti, E. Suarso, T.N. Manik, Suryajaya, N. Sari, and Darminto "Activated Carbon from Nipa Palm Fronds (<i>Nypa fruticans</i>) with H<sub>3</sub>PO<sub>4</sub> and KOH Activators as Fe Adsorbers," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 203-214. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.043549



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1083

    View

  • 402

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link