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Properties of Bark Particleboard Bonded with Demethylated Lignin Adhesives Derived from Leucaena leucocephala Bark

Rafidah Md Salim1,2,*, Jahimin Asik2, Mohd Sani Sarjadi2

1 Wood Testing Laboratory, Faculty of Tropical Forestry, University of Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, 88400, Malaysia
2 Industrial Chemistry Program, Faculty of Science and Natural Resources, University of Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, 88400, Malaysia

* Corresponding Author: Rafidah Md Salim. Email: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2024, 12(4), 737-769. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.045695

Abstract

Lignin extraction from bark can maximize the utilization of biomass waste, offer cost-effectiveness, and promote environmental friendliness when employed as an adhesive material in bark particleboard production. Particles of fine (0.2 to 1.0 mm), medium (1.0 to 2.5 mm), and coarse (2.5 to 12.0 mm) sizes, derived from the bark of Leucaena leucocephala, were hot-pressed using a heating plate at 175°C for 7 min to create single-layer particleboards measuring 320 mm × 320 mm × 10 mm, targeting a density of 700 kg/m. Subsequently, the samples were trimmed and conditioned at 20°C and 65% relative humidity. In this study, we compared bark particleboard bonded with urea formaldehyde (UF) adhesive to fine-sized particleboard bonded with demethylated lignin adhesive. The results indicated that bark particleboards utilizing demethylated lignin and UF adhesives exhibited similar qualities. Coarse particleboard showed differences in modulus of elasticity (MOE) and modulus of rupture (MOR), while medium-sized particles exhibited significant variations in moisture content (MC) and water absorption (WA). Furthermore, the thickness swelling of coarse and medium-sized particles under wet and oven-dried conditions exhibited notable distinctions. Overall, the demethylated lignin adhesive extracted from L. leucocephala bark demonstrated similar quality to UF adhesive, with particle size correlating inversely to the strength of the bark particleboard.

Graphical Abstract

Properties of Bark Particleboard Bonded with Demethylated Lignin Adhesives Derived from <i>Leucaena leucocephala</i> Bark

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Salim, R.M., Asik, J., Sarjadi, M.S. (2024). Properties of bark particleboard bonded with demethylated lignin adhesives derived from leucaena leucocephala bark. Journal of Renewable Materials, 12(4), 737-769. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.045695
Vancouver Style
Salim RM, Asik J, Sarjadi MS. Properties of bark particleboard bonded with demethylated lignin adhesives derived from leucaena leucocephala bark. J Renew Mater. 2024;12(4):737-769 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.045695
IEEE Style
R.M. Salim, J. Asik, and M.S. Sarjadi "Properties of Bark Particleboard Bonded with Demethylated Lignin Adhesives Derived from Leucaena leucocephala Bark," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 737-769. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.045695



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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