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Modeling Degradative Chain Transfer in d-Limonene/n-Butyl Methacrylate Free-Radical Copolymerization

Yujie Zhang1, Marc A. Dubé1,*, Eduardo Vivaldo-Lima2

1 Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Centre for Catalysis Research and Innovation, University of Ottawa, 161 Louis Pasteur Pvt., Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1N 6N5
2 Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Autonomous University of Mexico, 04510, Mexico D.F., Mexico

* Corresponding Author: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2015, 3(4), 318-326.


Renewable monomers containing allylic C-H bonds in their structure are prone to degradative chain transfer in free-radical polymerization, which will dramatically decrease the polymerization rate. In order to understand this mechanism, a kinetic model incorporating a degradative chain transfer mechanism for the free-radical copolymerization of d-limonene (LIM) and n-butyl methacrylate (BMA) was developed using PREDICI. Model predictions offered insight on how degradative chain transfer reactions affect conversion, copolymer composition and molecular weight in the polymerization. Experimental data from copolymerizations at monomer feed compositions (LIM/BMA, mol/mol) of 10/90, 20/80 and 30/70 were compared to the model’s predictions. Moreover, it was discovered that degradative chain transfer results in elevated concentrations of growing polymer chains ending in allylic limonene radicals, which inevitably influences termination reactions and molecular weight development.


Cite This Article

Zhang, Y., Dubé, M. A., Vivaldo-Lima, E. (2015). Modeling Degradative Chain Transfer in d-Limonene/n-Butyl Methacrylate Free-Radical Copolymerization. Journal of Renewable Materials, 3(4), 318–326.

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