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Influence of Isocyanate Index on Selected Properties of Flexible Polyurethane Foams Modified with Various Bio-Components

Aleksander Prociak*, Elźbieta Malewska, Szymon Bąk

Department of Chemistry and Technology of Polymers, Cracow University of Technology, 24 Warszawska St., 31-155 Cracow, Poland

* Corresponding author: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2016, 4(1), 78-85. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2015.634129

Abstract

In this article, the results of the foaming process analysis of fl exible polyurethane with different isocyanate indexes are presented. Two types of flexible polyurethane foams (FPURF) were obtained: (1) by using petrochemical components and a rapeseed-oil-based polyol (used in the amount of 20 wt%), (2) by using petrochemical components and cellulose as a natural fi ller in the amount of 3 php (per hundred parts of polyol). The characteristic parameters of the foaming process, such as the foam’s growth velocity, the core temperature and dielectric polarization, were measured using a Foamat device. Moreover, the following properties of flexible polyurethane foams were determined: apparent density, resilience, compressive strength, hardness, hysteresis and support factor, in order to determine the infl uence of isocyanate index on selected properties of the foams modified with bio-polyol and bio-filler.

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APA Style
Prociak, A., Malewska, E., Bąk, S. (2016). Influence of isocyanate index on selected properties of flexible polyurethane foams modified with various bio-components. Journal of Renewable Materials, 4(1), 78-85. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2015.634129
Vancouver Style
Prociak A, Malewska E, Bąk S. Influence of isocyanate index on selected properties of flexible polyurethane foams modified with various bio-components. J Renew Mater. 2016;4(1):78-85 https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2015.634129
IEEE Style
A. Prociak, E. Malewska, and S. Bąk "Influence of Isocyanate Index on Selected Properties of Flexible Polyurethane Foams Modified with Various Bio-Components," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 78-85. 2016. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2015.634129



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