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Solid “Green” Polyurethanes Based on Rapeseed Oil Polyol and Modified with Glycerol and Microcellulose

Piotr Rojek2, Mirta I. Aranguren1, Aleksander Prociak2, Mirna A. Mosiewicki1*

Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales (INTEMA), Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) Av. J. B. Justo 4302, (7600) Mar del Plata, Argentina
Cracow University of Technology (CUT), 31-155 Cracow, 24 Warszawska Str., Poland

*Corresponding author: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2016, 4(4), 266-274. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2016.634113

Abstract

Solid biobased polyurethanes (PUs) were prepared from a rapeseed oil-based polyol (ROPO) synthesized by epoxidation reaction followed by oxirane ring-opening with diethylene glycol. The reference material was modified by replacement of the ROPO with glycerol in different proportions and also by addition of commercial microcellulose (MC). The curing process of the reactive mixtures was monitored by rheological measurements and the analysis showed that both MC and glycerol increase the time of crossover between storage and loss modulus (liquid to solid transition in the response at 1 Hz). The completely cured polyurethanes were characterized by physical, morphological and mechanical analysis. The results proved that the addition of glycerol and MC increases the modulus and ultimate stress. Despite the higher modulus of the composites, the ultimate deformation also increases with the incorporation of 3 and 5 wt% of MC, which was associated with the good interaction between the cellulose and its polymer matrix.

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APA Style
Rojek, P., Aranguren, M.I., Prociak, A., Mosiewicki, M.A. (2016). Solid “green” polyurethanes based on rapeseed oil polyol and modified with glycerol and microcellulose. Journal of Renewable Materials, 4(4), 266-274. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2016.634113
Vancouver Style
Rojek P, Aranguren MI, Prociak A, Mosiewicki MA. Solid “green” polyurethanes based on rapeseed oil polyol and modified with glycerol and microcellulose. J Renew Mater. 2016;4(4):266-274 https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2016.634113
IEEE Style
P. Rojek, M.I. Aranguren, A. Prociak, and M.A. Mosiewicki "Solid “Green” Polyurethanes Based on Rapeseed Oil Polyol and Modified with Glycerol and Microcellulose," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 266-274. 2016. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2016.634113



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